The pickaxe is a Outil composed of two parts: a part of work in Steel fixed via an eye at a handle out of hard wooden. The piece of metal forms an angle of 50 with 60° with the handle.
It is probably one of the oldest manufactured tools of the world, as old as the knowledge of the work of iron.
This tool is intended mainly for the agricultural work, of earthwork or of extraction in the mines. The form in is different according to the activities.
The agricultural tool
See also: Hoe
The agricultural tool bears indifferently the name of pickaxe or hoe all at least for that whose edge of cut is right (when the tool presents an edge out of V, one employs the name of hoe). It is a tool with to do everything and it was a long time the basic tool of the work of the ground.
This object is employed, in a nearly identical form, by the whole of the Paysan S, of which, for a part, it is the only tool with a long knife or a Machette. It replaces the shovel even the Râteau. As example, a workman working in the Rizière S in terraces will make use of the pickaxe to weed, clean the ground, to transport the ground on short distances, to go up the ground low walls.
The part of work out of steel is of rectangular form, slightly curved. One finds of them widths different according to the uses.
The use bringing of the differences in the need, the tool evolved/moved. Thus certain models have on their upper part either a peak, or an axe.
The tool of diggerThe form different, is adapted mainly to the nibbling of grounds, even of stones.
The metal part is usable of the two with dimensions ones. Of dimensioned, a strong peak to break the solid elements, other, always a peak but of section rectangular ending in an edge and which makes it possible to work more quickly in the loose grounds.
The Maçon uses it like his equivalent moreover small size called the mortise axe.
The tool of mine
Also called pick , he is regarded by the specialists more a Pic as a pickaxe. It is a tool with double peak whose minors were useful themselves before the arrival of the power picks to prepare the work of cutting .
Basic material of much of worker manuals in France, this tool provided an effective weapon in close combat and strong appraisal of the enthusiasts for big thrills at the time of the popular evening wraps of Saturday evening, the handle of pickaxe . This one had the advantage of a handling simple and familiar together with a moderate price.
Today, it is a weapon fallen in disuse with the profit from the Bat, however less used taking into account the evolution of manners and the more severe repression which strikes these practices.
In England the combat with the handle of pickaxe was taught in the army under the name of stick
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