See also: red Bonnet
The Phrygian cap is in the Roman iconography late, a symbol of Eastern origin: it for example is carried by the Magi on the reliefs or the Fresque S paléochrétiennes (like symbol of the Eastern magus), by the prisoners Perse S on the Bas-relief S of the Arc of Galère or the Colonne of Arcadius.
The Phrygian cap also draws its symbolic system from freedom of its Roman relationship with the Pileus (Latin hat). The pileus capped the slaves freed from the Roman empire, representing their freedom.
This bonnet is taken again in France at the beginning of the summer 1790 like symbol of freedom and good citizenship. The Phrygian cap becomes symbol of the French revolution, and of the autumn 1793 in July 1794, it is carried in many administrative communities of the country. Since the Revolution, the bonnet caps Marianne, the allegorical figure of the French Republic.
the Phrygian cap is also one of the elements of the traditional behavior of the fishermen niçois.
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