A phratrie (in old Greek φρατρία / phratría , Fraternity, derived from φρατήρ / phratếr , brother) is an anthropological term indicating a friendly division which gathers two or several distinct Clan S which is regarded as only one unit although they preserve separate identities.
of the ancient Greece, for the antiquated period , each tribe ( phylum ) is divided into phratries. The phratries are abstract associations people or families which gather on the basis of asserted common ancestrality, although there necessarily does not exist of blood ties between them (with the difference of the Génos ).
These unit autonomous which has their own magistrates, with the head of which is the phratriarque , constitute a framework of the Greek religiosity and sociability, thanks to the organization of Banquet S and festivals like that of the Apatouries. They are also used as framework for the preparation and the participation in some civic worships. During the traditional period, the phratries evolved/moved in formal territorial divisions of the Athenian State.
AmerindianAt the Amerindian , a phratrie is generally identified by the representation of an animal. In some cultures, like Tlingit, the marriages between the phratries are elected.
- Louise Noise Zaidman, Pauline Schmitt Pantel, the Greek religion in the cities at the time traditional , Armand Colin, Paris, 2006.
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