Philippe III of Burgundy
See also: Philippe of Burgundy
Philippe III of Burgundy , known as Philippe the Good (Dijon 1396 - Bruges 1467), prince French of the third Burgundian branch of the dynasty capétienne and duke of Burgundy and of the Burgundian Netherlands of 1419 with 1467 and other titles.
He is the only son of the Duc of Burgundy Jean without Peur and the father of the duke of Burgundy Charles Bold the, which will succeed to him.
Chronology of its life
- Born with Dijon the June 30th 1396, only sons of the duke of Burgundy Jean without Fear and of Marguerite of Bavaria, girl of the duke of Bavaria.
It is married in 1409, at the 13 years age, Michelle de Valois, 14 years old, girl of the king Charles VI of France. He will have of it a girl, Agnès of Burgundy.
Philippe III of Burgundy becomes duke of Burgundy the September 10th 1419, with died of his/her father, Jean without Peur, stabbed on order of its enemy, the dolphin Charles (future king Charles VII of France). He decides, at the time of a meeting of the December 25th 1420, to maintain alliance with the England against the kings of France in order to avenge the murder for his father Jean without Peur with the assistance of the king Henri V of England. The duke of Burgundy Philippe the Good, the king Charles VI of France and the king Henri V of England form triple alliance against the dolphin (the future Charles VII), of which they put legitimacy causes some (it would have been born from a connection of his mother, Isabeau of Bavaria, with Louis of Orleans, brother of the king de France Charles VI). All three sign the Traité of Troyes the May 21st 1420, in the cathedral of Troyes. The June 2nd, in the same cathedral, Henri V of England wife Catherine de Valois, girl legitimates Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria. It is agreed that after the death of Charles VI of France, Henri V of England will become king de France by his marriage with the only legitimate heiress of the throne of France.
Philippe of Burgundy besieges Montereau with the assistance of Henri V of England, exhumes the corpse of his/her father (Jean without Peur, assassinated at the time of an interview on the bridge of Montereau), and the fact of burying in the Chartreuse de Champmol of Dijon, near his/her grandfather, the duke of Burgundy Philippe Bold the. As a Even of France, Philippe the Good request then repair for the murder of his/her father, in front of the Bed of justice. The chancellor Nicolas Rolin pleads for Philippe the Good, but Henri V of England refuses to sanction the murderers, thus betraying the made promise with Rouen.
the August 31st 1422, Henri V of England dies and, before dying, request with his/her brother, the Duc of Bedford, entrusting the regency of its successor, Henri VI of England, with the duke of Burgundy Philippe the Good. This one refuses.
the wife of Philippe the Good, Michelle de Valois, dies the July 8th 1422 with Ghent, at the 26 years age. In 1424, Philippe the Good remarie with Good of Artois (girl of the Count Philippe d' Artois), which dies one year afterwards.
on September 1st 1422, Henri VI of England becomes king of England at the ten months age. It is his/her uncle (the brother of its father, the Duc of Bedford), who becomes regent of the kingdom of England while waiting for the majority his nephew.
the October 21st 1422, the king of France Charles VI dies in his turn. Thus Henri VI of England becomes king of England and king of France at the one year age. The Duc of Bedford becomes also regent of the kingdom of France. The Charles dolphin of France is isolated throne. This situation marks the beginning of the second phase of the Guerre One hundred Year old between the France and the England.
the April 29th 1429, Jeanne d' Arc arrives at Orleans, manages to galvanize, by its extraordinary divine enthusiasm, the troops and the war leaders of the dolphin of France, Charles VII. It initially constrained the Duke of Bedford (regent of Henri VI of England) and his troops with raising the seat of the city in the night of the 7 to the May 8th 1429.
the July 17th 1429, Jeanne d' Arc escort militarily the dolphin of France Charles VII, crossing the duchy of Burgundy until the Cathedral of Rheims, where it is Sacré king de France by the duke archbishop of Rheims Renault of Chartres. Although Even of France, Philippe the Good, as a conspirator against Charles VII and its rival, is manifestly absent from this event. Jeanne d' Arc sends a letter the very same day to him sacring to require peace of him.
With died of the marquis Jean III of Namur, in 1429, Philippe the Good takes possession of the Comté of Namur, in Belgium, that the marquis had sold to him in life annuity for 132000 gold crowns in 1421, with Usufruit until its death.
the January 10th 1430, Philippe the Good wife in third weddings a girl of the king of the Portugal Isabelle of Portugal, with Bruges. It will have three children of them: Antoine and Jose, died at the age of a few months, and Charles Bold the which will succeed to him. It is at the time of this marriage that it creates the prestigious Ordre of the Golden Fleece.
the May 24th 1430, the troops of the count Jean II of Luxembourg-Ligny and count de Guise, with the service of Burgundian, defend Compiegne, that Jeanne d' Arc tried to take. During an exit, they do it captive and deliver it to the Duc of Bedford, regent of France and England, for the sum of 10.000 books. This one entrusts it to an ally of the English, the bishop of Beauvais Pierre Cauchon, which accuses Jeanne d' Arc of Christian heresy.
the December 16th 1430, Henri VI of England, which asserts the throne of France by his/her mother, Catherine de Valois, is crowned king de France with the Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, at the ten years age.
the April 12th 1433, Philippe the Good becomes count de Hainaut, of Holland, of Zealand and lord of Plank after the treason of Jacqueline of Bavaria. These possessions, joined together with the other Burgundian possessions of North (Flanders, Namur, Luxembourg), will form from now on the Burgundian Netherlands.
Philippe the Good contributes to make modify the Palais of the dukes of Burgundy of Dijon by a blazing frontage, of the home ducal, a big room of the feasts and ducal kitchens of 30 cooks.
1435 : Opening to Arras of discussion on the end of the War One hundred Year old and the re-establishment of peace enters France and England. Are present the kings of England, Portugal, of Poland, Sicily, of Scotland, the duke Philippe the Good and his wife Isabelle of Portugal. The chancellor Nicolas Rolin, founder of the Old people's homes of Beaune, is the heart and the brain of these negotiations. The English refuse the cancellation of the Traité of Troyes and leave the negotiation. The peace of Arras is signed the September 20th 1435. Charles VII of France makes amend for the murder of Jean without Peur and swears to punish the culprits. Charles VII confirms the territories conquered by Philippe the Good with the assistance of the English. The English, furious, threaten Philippe the Good. In return, this one tries to take again Calais, but the seat having turned to the disaster for its troops, Philippe the Good is withdrawn in Flanders.
1443 : The death of aunt de Philippe the Good, the duchess Elisabeth de Goerlitz of Luxembourg, makes it possible to the duke to take possession of the Luxembourg.
At this time, Philippe III of Burgundy, known as Philippe the Good, is the most powerful prince of Christendom and the Duché of Burgundy is with the ridge of its power.
1454 : The February 17th, Phiippe the Good gives the banquet of the Pheasant to Lille, where, following the catch of Constantinople by the Turks, the May 29th 1453, it swears to launch a news Croisade, word which it will never hold.
at the time of its angers, but forgiving quickly, loving good expensive, the large amateur of mistresses (thirty known), it took the time of the reflection and was surrounded by opinion before acting. As well as the king of France Jean II the Good, Philippe the Good deserved his nickname not because of its kindness, but because it was " to handle the épée" good;.
- the death of his/her father caused at his place a very major sadness (the representations almost always show it in pourpoint black, sign of mourning) and an unquestionable resentment against the crown of France, silent partner of the assassination of his Jean father without Peur.
- 1424 : He marries Bonne of Artois, which dies one year afterwards.
- 1430 : He marries then Isabelle of Portugal, from which he will have three children.
Agnes of Burgundy, which it had with Michelle de Valois.
Seule Isabelle of Portugal gave him a male descent:
- Antoine, dead a few months after its birth
- Jose, dead little time after its birth
- Charles Bold the
Antoine, known as the Bastard Large of Burgundy, lord of Tournehem, born from Jeanne de Presle de Lizy;
- Cornille, lord of Elverdinghe, Vlamentinghe, New-Church and Pierrefort, captain and general governor of Luxembourg;
- Marie of Burgundy born towards 1426 of Jeanne Chastellain (one also says of Jeanne Presle de Lizy). She married by marriage contract September 17th, 1447 followed by a treaty signed to Brussels on September 30th, 1448 Pierre de Bauffremont count de Charny, chamberlain of Philippe of Burgundy. She died on August 15th, 1475;
- Marguerite, died about 1455;
- David, born from Jeanne Chastellain, bishop of Thérouanne (since 1451), then of Utrecht (since 1456), born towards 1427, death 1496. His/her mother Jeanne Chastellain (of Castellana) known as of Bosquiel young lady of Quéry the Mound (Pas-de-Calais) married in 1442 Etienne de Bours says Maillotin, governor of Gorgues and Dunkirk (+ 1450). She died on July 14th, 1462;
- Anne (° v.1435 - † 1508), controlling Marie of Burgundy, wife 1°) Adrien de Brosse; 2°) Adolphe de Clèves-Ravenstein;
- Raphaël de Mercatel (° v.1437 - † 1508), abbot of Saint-Bavon of Ghent and Saint-Pierre d' Oudenburg, wire of Marie de Belleval;
- Baudouin (° v.1446 - † 1508), lord of Were necessary, Peer, Baudour, Holy-Anne, Lovendegem, Zomergem and Fromont;
- Philippe, Bishop of Utrecht (since 1517), born 1464, died in 1524.
Large art lover, Philippe the Good encouraged the sculptors and especially the painters.
Jean of Huerta and Antoine Moiturier carried out the tomb of Jean without Peur and Marguerite of Bavaria, parents of Philippe the Good.
- Jan van Eyck,
- Rogier Van der Weyden,
- Hans Memling,
- Hoots of Boulogne,
- Jean Coustain.
BONENFANT, P., Philippe the Good , Brussels, 1944, 2nd ED.
- VAUGHAN. R., Philip the Good: The Apogee off Burgundy , London, 1970.
Nds-nl: Filips de Goeie
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