A patio is an interior court with open sky, whose origin goes up with the Atrium villas of the ancient Rome. More largely, a patio is a space external of approval, dedicated to the meals or the relaxation. Its ground is generally paved, but it can be also out of wood, stone, Béton, cement, etc The Jardinage of patio is composed especially of plantations in large terra cotta pots or flowers stand.
Étymologie : Spanish word (15th century), of the occitan pâtu (waste ground, grazing ground), perhaps of Latin pactum (pact, agreement). Pronunciation: patio and not pacio .
Extension of direction to Canada (Acadie, Quebec, other)
Patio can also indicate a terrace (semantic). This direction also exists in English.
An adaptation of the patio hispano-Moorish
In the traditional Architecture Mediterranean, in Spain (in particular in Andalusia) or in North Africa, the houses are turned towards the interior. They do not have sometimes any window giving on outside. It is the patio which lights the residence. This central court generally comprises a fountain, or a basin collecting rainwater, pointing out the Impluvium villas ancient Romans. In the Mosque S, this basin has a decorative function, ablutions taking place generally in reserved rooms.
The traditional patio can be decorated with colonnades and ceramics of color. It has a central place in the frame, but also in the domestic life of the household.
On the other hand, the Western houses are turned towards outside, with their windows in frontage. The patio is generally conceived there like an intermediate place of life between the interior and the Jardin. This paved platform, cemented or parqueted, is also sometimes glazed, to transform itself into Wintergarden at the cold season.
See also: the Patio of the Lions, with the Alhambra of Grenade
With the theater: the patio of the “corrales of comedias”In Spain, before the end of the 16th century, there did not exist places specifically dedicated to the popular Théâtre. The first representations of Comédie were played in the patios of the houses or the inns. This provides the architectural model of the first built theaters in Spain at the end of the 16th century, the “corrales of comedias”: a space closed, non covered, arranged in the rectangular court located between the houses; at the bottom, a scene, surrounded spectators on three sides. The floor with open sky keeps the name of patio . During the Century of gold, period of extraordinary vitality of the Spanish Theater, many scenic spaces were built on this model.
- Lugar C Olhar Feliz: a site on the installation of a garden ibérico-Moorish in Portugal, with many illustrated councils. For example: ''' How to arrange a basin of patio '''
- , the site Structures traditional Mediterranean of the CORPUS projects on the traditional frame in Mediterranean space, within the framework of the program Euromed Heritage of the European commission. The texts of the book Mediterranean traditional Architecture are available to the format .pdf there. See the presentation of the work
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