See also: Pas-de-Calais (homonymy)
The Pas-de-Calais was one of the 83 departments created with the French revolution, the March 4th 1790 pursuant to the law of the December 22nd 1789. To create this department, the revolutionary mode amalgamated part of the general information of Amiens (Boulonnais and part of the Ponthieu) with the Artois reconquered on the Spaniards one century earlier and Calaisis.
See also: History of the Pas-de-Calais
GeographyThe Pas-de-Calais is surrounded by the departments of the Northern and the Somme and is coastal with the Manche and the the North Sea.
See also: Geography of the Pas-de-Calais
See also: Climate of the Pas-de-Calais
See also: Economy of the Pas-de-Calais
Mines: Carboniferous of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais
See also: Demography of the Pas-de-Calais
The inhabitants of the Pas-de-Calais are the Not-of-Calaisians .
The Pas-de-Calais east one of the most populated departments and most urbanized France. However it does not have any very big city: most important, Calais (intramurally) represents 80 000 inhabitants, followed Arras (of which the population increases contrary to Calais and Boulogne-sur-mer), and Boulogne-sur-Mer; Saint-Omer constitutes also an important agglomeration of more than 50 000 inhabitants. Formerly, they were cities like Surface-on-the-Lilies, (until) which proved to be densest. They preserve despite everything a average population (the agglomeration of Surface-on-the-Lily counts 23  all the same; 000 inhabitants).
The part densément populated corresponds to the mining basin (Houille) which developed much during the 19th century and during first half of the 20th century, in the east of the department. Truly a big city there is not found, but around the centers like Lens, Liévin, Béthune, Bruay-la-Buissière, Hénin-Beaumont, a multitude of small towns are coupled the ones with the others, forming a vast conurbation which is prolonged in the department of the Northern until Valencian Douai and . These agglomerations form an almost continuous whole of more than 1,2 million inhabitants (of which more half in the Pas-de-Calais). By contrast, the center and the south of the department very rural (but all the same relatively dense), are strewn with very many small villages and some small towns.
Until the First World War, the mining activity maintained a high population growth (700 000 inhabitants about 1850, almost 1 000 000 in 1900). The conflict directly affected the department (which knew the German occupation and was one of the principal battle fields), but the population réaugmenta strongly as of the shortly after the war, to reach 1 200 000 inhabitants. After the economic crisis of 1929, another period of decrease amorça, prolonged by the Second world war. After 1945, the growth returned with the recontruction and the population increased clearly during a score by years, of 1 168 545 in 1946 with 1 397 159 in 1968. Since, the number of inhabitants stagnated (1 441 568 in 1999): the population remains young and the births are largely surplus on the deaths, but migratory balance is strongly negative because of the decline of the mining activities and dependant industries. Certain cities which did not live that mines lost until half of their population during the last half-century.
See also: Culture in the Pas-de-Calais
For lack of very big city, the Pas-de-Calais remained a long time deprived of university. In 1992, the university of Artois and the university of the Littoral came to repair this anomaly. They present the characteristic to be multipolar and inter-secondary roads: Arras (seat of the university of Artois), Béthune, Douai, Lens and Liévin for one and Boulogne-sur-Mer, Calais, Dunkirk and Saint-Omer for the other.
See also: Tourism in the Pas-de-Calais
See also: Political of the Pas-de-Calais
List of the deputies of the Pas-de-Calais
- List of the senators of the Pas-de-Calais
- List of the general advisers of the Pas-de-Calais
See also: Administration of the Pas-de-Calais
List of the prefects of the Pas-de-Calais
- List of the communes of the Pas-de-Calais
- List of the old communes of the Pas-de-Calais
OthersThe Pas-de-Calais is the department which has the greatest number of communes (894). Almost all these communes belong to inter-commune structures (cf the principal ones in the list of the communes). There are a departmental service of fire and help: the SDIS 62. It is placed under the authority of the prefect of the Pas-de-Calais.
- General advice
- Departmental committee of tourism of the Pas-de-Calais
- University of Artois
- University of the Littoral
- the Pas-de-Calais in DMOZ
- tourist Guide of the Pas-de-Calais
- Free place: the alternate forum of the Pas-de-Calais
- AUNORD.fr: the first search engine of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais
- 62actu.net the gate of information and current events of the Pas-de-Calais
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