The city is built on the plain of Angads bordered by the mountains of the Riffian tribe of blessed znessen in North and Jbel Hamra, Ras Asfour and Mahçar in the South. It is crossed by the rivers Oued Nachef and Oued Isly. The privileged geographical location of Oujda made of it a crossroads enters North Africa and Morocco and the other Maghreb countries on the one hand and Morocco and Europe via Nador on the other hand.
Specimens of the industry of the age of the stone were collected around Oujda, towards Sidi Yahia, some Silex cut, including one pretty Grattoir, with Ain Serrak, of the nucleus, blades, points, scrapers at Sidi Moussa, on the Isly, of the scrapers, blades, points and discs in Quartzite, some of these parts were rather finely worked. The industry of the polished stone, which coincides with the beginning of current geological times, also left some traces in the area. Towards the gardens of Sedd and with the confluence of the Wadi Nachef with the wadi Isly, one observed hearths of the Neolithic old, on the plate of the Djorf El Akhdar it was found a half of polished axe of form derived from the axe in roll. One finds remainders of the human activity of primitive times in the caves of the surroundings of Oujda: flint, points, etc Discovered of a Dolmen around Oujda.
It is supposed that the natives of these moved back times still vêtaient themselves of skins of animals, they avoided shells of egg S of Autruche, one is unaware of if they cultivated the ground. Around Oujda and of Taourirt remain of the Tumulus Berbère S of varied forms. They are characterized by the poverty of furniture: remainders of human bones, of course, pearls, pendeloques of leather and spearheads, etc
AntiquityBefore the Roman conquest, the populations established in the East of the river of Moulouya were plain under the kingdom of the Masséssylie, this State was rich in men and in products of the soil, the culture of cereals and the cattle breeding were developed there, it included/understood probably only one strong small number of cities like Siga, which had replaced the old refuges built with stones on the heights. In 105 av. J-C., according to the Roman historian Salluste (War of Jugurtha), the river Mulucca (Moulouya) separated the kingdom from Jugurtha, king of Numidie, that of Bocchus, king of Maurétanie. According to certain sources, the " castellum of Moulouya" would be the Jbel Mahsseur located at 20 km in the south of Oujda. 42. Maurétanie, become Roman province, was divided into Maurétanie Cesarean, extending from Sétif to Moulouya, and Maurétanie tingitane, ranging between the Atlantic Ocean and Moulouya. Apart from Rusadir (Melilla), counter founded by the Phénicie NS and used by the Romans. Certain historians say that it was perhaps about Lanigare, mentioned by Ptolémée; others advanced Stabulum governed located at the west of nigrensis (Tafna).
No archaeological documents came to bring decisive elements to clarify the Roman presence in the area. The current local traditions did not forget Rome completely: fractions of the tribe of Beni Snassen (El Begia) claim to be the descendants of the Roman conquerors.
Clans judaïsants and seminomads, were established in the area of Tlemcen and Taza. Persecutions anti-semites of the Visigoths and Justinien directed much Jews in the area of Moulouya, where they were flourishing. The traces of Jewish antiquity are in the legend of Sidi Yahya Ben Younès which perpetuates the memory of a great time for the Jews of the area. Late antiquity saw the occupied basin of Oujda of many villages. The historian Abou Hamid Elguazali, according to traditions collected by itself, claimed that they were inhabited by Christians who lived under the reign of a king called El Ablak El Fortas (the albino nasty piece of work).
Conquest Arabo-Moslem woman
682. Conquest Arab company by Oqba Ibn Nafi Al Fihri, under the reign of the Omeyades of Damas, and completed towards 705 by Musa Ben Nusayr. In the middle of the 11th century, Oujda took importance thanks to its statute of relay city on the way Sijilmassa - the East. With the wire of the history of the dynasties which followed one another in Moslem Occident, Oujda ends up taking up an important strategic duty at the Mérinides, installed with Fès; in fact that basic back in their conflict with the Abdelouadides of Tlemcen. This situation was at the origin of several destroying invasions to which Oujda was exposed. In the same way, she knew many difficulties while adopting the East sometimes, sometimes in the West because of her situation on the fields of confrontations between the Saadiens S and the Turkish S. Longtemps, the sovereigns of Fès and Tlemcen disputed it and as of the 16th century, it was aspired to by the dynasties of the sherifs of the Morocco and the Turks of Algiers. In 1692, the Ismail sultan drove out of them the Turks who established their hegemony on Algeria. But Oujda falls again under the Turkish domination at the next century.
Oujda was founded by Ziri Ibn Attia, towards 994 in the center of the plain of the Angads. Invested by the Khalife S Omeyyades of Cordoue of the command of both the Maghreb, Ziri Ben Attia (chief of the Maghraoua, group of Zénète S nomads in the middle of a vast desert plain) had to be essential on it by the force, decided to settle in the center of the country which it was to rather manage than in Fès or Tlemcen. It thus solved to create a " capitale" in the middle of the plain of the Angad near the source of Sidi Yahia and mountains which could to possibly be used him as refuge. But the site of Oujda is also justified by the crossing which takes place there between two great shopping streets: the North-South way of the sea with Sidjilmassa and Ouest-Est of Fès with Tlemcen. It remained during 80 years the seat of the dynasty of its founder.
Dynasty of the Almoravides & Almohades
After the destruction of the city in 1272 by the Sultan Abou Yaacoub Elmarini (Mérinide), his/her son Abou Yaacoub Youssef undertook the changing in 1325, thus rebuilding a Kasbah, a Palate, a Mosque, baths and finally succeeds in giving him a certain prosperity. The legend says that it is the town of 360 doors which extended from the West of Tairet to banks of Isly, with an infinity of districts which one always finds the remainders.
Moulay Ismaïl, proceeded starting from 1673 to the restoration and the organization of the city and its area.
Colonization and French decolonization
After it is occupied by the France the March 24th 1907, Oujda contributed effectively to the fight for the independence of Maroc.
For reasons for safety, the French military camp is installed on a hillock (572m) which with 900 meters in the south dominated the médina.
In 1910, the normal way of the railroads was prolonged of Maghnia of Algérie until Oujda. For reasons of technical order, the station was built with three kilometers in the north of the médina (village koulouche) towards 1920, around which constructions of shared interest appeared:
- an Arab market hall on the place of Bab Sidi Abdelouahab;
- Of the slaughter-houses close to the Kasbah;
- the building of the Treasury;
- the County court;
- the School Sidi Ziane (1907)
- the college of the boys and the old college of the young girls.
NB - Reasons of " the occupation française" - When the French troops settled in Oujda in February 1907, they did it at the request of Moulay Abdelaziz, the reigning sultan. Indeed the rogui Bou Hamara then occupied all Eastern Marocain since the slopes of the Atlas to the Algerian border. The town of Oujda had even been occupied in June 1903. All the tribes of the area since Zekkara, Méhaya, Sedjaa, Blessed Yala, Mezzaouir, Atsamna etc .avaient makes allegiance with this " new sultan" ; the large Berber tribe of Blessed Snassen, it, rocked between the two adversaries, always leaning side of weakest, in order to maintain the climate with the shelter of which it was exempted payment of the taxes. After June 1903, only, the town of Oujda and the kasbah of Saïdia had remained Maghzen, because France took care of it. On several occasions Moulay Abdelaziz had asked France to settle in Oujda to withdraw it from the ambitions of Bou Hamara; France required an official request that the Moroccan sovereign could not write, and due. It is the assassination of Dr. Mauchand in Marrakech which was used as pretext (enough unjustified) so that Lyautey decides to come in Oujda. The Moroccan authorities, Amel Benkerroum at the head, came to the front from the French soldiers to accommodate them. Here are, for " the occupation française". None the tribes which had supported the rogui, and which continued to support it, expressed hostility with regard to this presence which reassured the rural population, held to ransom, in turn, by the roguists and the maghzen (to read of Isabelle EBERHARDT " Sheets of Route" 1904). Only, Beni Snassen opposed a resistance in the line of their preceding attitude. It should have been waited until 1934 so that the arrival, programmed by the authorities of Protectorate, of the Sultan Mohammed Ben Youssef in Oujda creates a movement of sympathy in its favor. It is especially after 1945 that the urban nationalist movement set up the Sultan in emblem of the fight anticoloniale; the events of 1948 catalyzed the violence of this movement.
GeographyThe privileged geographical location makes of Oujda a crossroads between the Morocco and the Europe.
PopulationThe town of Oujda counts more than 400.000 inhabitants (1994), in summer the double population, thanks to (ORE) the Oujdis Résidents abroad who turn over regularly, to re-examine and financially help their families.
The annual increase in population is of approximately 2,4%.
The population diversified under the Protectorat French in 1907 because of constant surge individuals come from all the Eastern Morocco, from Algérie but also from Western Morocco, of Fès, Marrakech and even of the Under.
Town planning & Architecture
Oujda, chief town of the prefecture of Oujda-Angad and capital of the Area of the Eastern one. Wilaya d' Oujda counts six provinces: Oujda-Angad, Berkane, Nador, Taourirt, Jérada and Figuig.
It extends on a surface from 20.700 km ² (3/4 the surface of Belgium) in the extreme North-East from Morocco.
The town of Oujda cumulates a broad range of dominant unquestionable functions and other secondaries, which make an undeniable regional capital of it.
Plans & charts
Districts of the city oujda
- Oujda Centers: The medina etles districts which it entour, Oujda centers, it is the heart hestoric of the city
- Lazaret: the largest district of the town of Oujda, and most popular it is located at the east of the city.
- northern Oujda: it is a varied district which includes popular quarters like Koulouche village and of the districts knack like cgi
See also: Districts of the town of Oujda
Rail-bound transportOujda is connected by rail to the east with the Algérie (the line is currently closed since 1994), in the west with Fès, Rabat, Casablanca, etc…, and in the south with Bouarfa.
Road transportAugust 1st There exist red taxis to circulate in Oujda and buses are at the disposal of the oujdi. Buses of colors white are available for longer ways (ex: the line oujda sidia) There also exists of large white taxis (Mercedes) which make it possible to leave the city for any other destination of the country.
Air transportThe city has an international airport certified ISO 9001/2000 (2007) International airport Oujda - Angads located at North, to 10 km of the city which connects Oujda to several cities of Morocco and Western Europe. This airport will be increased and another track will be carried out in 2008.
doors of Médina
Close to the door Bab Sidi Abdelouahab, a weekly souk " marché" were held each Thursday on a place outside the walls of the médina, five fondouk or hotels, three mosques Djamaâ El Kebir, Djamaâ Heddada, Djamaa Sidi Okba) a medersa or college, three synagogs. In the gardens, irrigated by irrigation channels, supplied with the sources of Sidi Yahia Benyounes, people of Oujda made market gardenings.
- Bab Sidi Abdelouahab
Bab El Khemis
Located at the North of Médina.
Bab Oulad Amran
It is the door which gives on the street of Marrakech.
walls of Médina Monuments of Médina
- the Kasbah
- Dar Al Makhzen
- Dar Al Covered
- School Sidi Ziane
The colonial city Various monuments
Dar Sebti : one of the Palate the most fabulous of the city. Built in 1938 by large trading of the city, it was restored and renovated. It has a double function: it is the seat of the Research and Studies Center on the Gharnati Music, and the place of cultural activities and various festivities (festivals of weddings, exposures, receptions…). Opposite this palate, extends the Park Lalla Meriem arranged for the relaxation and sheltering a museum. This park is also the seat of the Tourist office and Tourism of the Eastern one.
Library Charif Al Idrissi, Oujda
General dataThe privileged geographical position of Oujda constitutes an asset for its prosperity and its progress, the city has a commercial and tertiary vocation excellent.
COLAIMO is a cooperative dairy present in the Eastern area.
The city is equipped with an embryonic industrial fabric:
- industrial Park (Mohamed-V boulevard) with a surface of 48 ha + 7 ha of extension and with 144 industrial batches.
- industrial Park Al Boustane with a surface of 100 ha, 81 batches industrial and 147 batches in the zone of economic activity.
- professional buildings: 65 batches with various surfaces (20 < 40 m ² /20 < 80 m ² /I5 < 160 m ² /10 < 240 m ²), where were established many factories (construction materials, canning facilities, flour mill, dairy, units of conditioning, chemicals…).
Tertiary pole, it contains commercial equipment wholesaler, a packed administrative machinery (place chief of wilaya of area, regional delegations of ministries) and rare services, in particular of the liberal professions: architects, specialist physicians, notaries, certified public accountants, lawyers, research departments etc In the news médina, the trade of articles of Algeria (souk El Fellah, whose name evokes the stores of States in the towns of Algeria) E]] T of Melilla (Melilla souk) attract the local customers as well as the visitors.
The high number of banking agencies, more than one about thirty, is there related to the function of refuge of the capital of the MRE (Moroccan residents abroad) originating in the city and of its area.
Post offices: 16
- Offices of distribution: 13
- Additional Counters: 5
To 6 km of Oujda, the oasis of Sidi Yahya offers a particularly pleasant site. This site which includes a Souk Fridays morning. Oasis of greenery, the capital of the Morocco Oriental located at 450 m of altitude offers the variety of its vegetation, Palmier S, Eucalyptus, Mimosa S, lilac, an enchantment for the directions. The city modern, vain and laughing has the beautiful ones and broad avenues which the floors of flowers and the basins decorate. As for the médina, impressive by its aspect, it remains strictly traditional. The attentive visitor is thus called to follow it, go, the following route: Bab El Gherbi, Kasbah, 3 fountains, Large Mosque Bab Sidi Abdelouahab, Rampart Dar Essebti, Parc Lalla Baited, Oasis Sidi Yahya Ben Younes, and with the return: Dar Lamhalla, Avenue of Riads, Place El Attarines, Souk El Maa, Derb El Mazouzi. Its attention will be also held by its Kissariat where the carpet and the fabrics chatoyantes, objects of embroidered leather and skilfully engraved copper, will fill with wonder it.
Today the area has to play a big role thanks to tourism in particular with the creation of the large tourist pole with Saidia beach (56 km in the north of Oujda), the unfolding of the way Oujda Saidia, the launching of work of the highway Oujda Fes (which will be ready in 2010), the extension envisaged of the airport of Oujda-Angad (addition of a track and creation of a pole arrived and a pole departure), the construction of hotels, the levelling of the ways and boulevards of the city, the installation of the médina, etc
Saïdia, the blue pearl, is a tourist big space with the doors of Europe, located at 60 km in the north of the town of Oujda, Saïdia is one of the most beautiful seaside resorts of Moroccan north.
Having a beautiful sand beach end of 14 km, it profits from an appreciable image at the national and international level.
This image is raised by the equipment which the city out of tourist matter offers and by rise that knew the festivities as well artistic, cultural that sporting.
A festival of the music gharnatie and arts popular are organized there in July and August of each year.
Within the framework of the Azur plan that the Moroccan government set up to develop the tourist activity of the country under name vision 2010, an international invitation to tender was launched by the government of Morocco to which took share 13 companies and which was gained by group FADESA, one of the real independent groups of Spain, which was fixed like objective to refer of Saïdia for international tourism on the Mediterranean.
Not very far from the médina, the park Lalla Aïcha extends on a surface from approximately 2 hectares. Created in 1935, it constitutes a place of relaxation for the inhabitants of Oujda. It offers a beautiful surface of leisures with its swimming pools, its sports grounds, its clubs of tennis and horsemanship.
the Oasis of Sidi Yahya is located at 6 km only center Oujda town. It is a meeting place of several ethnos groups and various religions. It shelters the mausoleum of the saint man owner of the " city; Sidi Yahya Benyounes " as well as the tombs of several saints.
Tafoughalt, station of altitude of the Blessed Snassen. This small center is in the middle of the chain of Beni Snassen, to 18 km in the South-west of Berkane (to 60 km northern of Oujda). Initially known under the name of Ain Tafoughalt, on a site of rocks limestones rich person in resurgences, Tafoughalt occupies a strategic position, at an altitude of approximately 850 meters, on a 10 km long meridian collar.
Sidi Mâafa, a small forest, true lung of the city, located at 4 km of the city, where one can benefit from a beautiful walk and climb the Jbel Alhamra. The place offers a beautiful panoramic sight on the city and its neighborhoods. Work concerning the improvement of the ways and ways of this forest began fine 2006. The April 7th 2007, this park was inaugurated with the great pleasure of the sportsmen who use it, of the students of the various neighbouring schools and the Oujdie population which finds peace and green areas there.
Tgafaït, located at 25 km in the south-west of the mining city of Jérada, this small village deserves to be called already oasis thanks to the greenery of its beautiful gardens contrasting with the steppe of the neighborhoods. The cascades, the throats and the sources of the wadi Za, the main thing tributary of the Moulouya, offer a charm particular to the visitor.
EducationThe town of Oujda lays out of the university Mohammed Premier (UMP) which was created in 1978. It comprises six establishments of higher education (three faculties and three schools):
Faculty of Arts and Social sciences of Oujda, F.L.S.H.
- Faculty of Science, F.S.
- Faculty of Legal sciences, Economic and Social F.S.J.E.S.
- University of Technology in Oujda, National E.S.T
- of Sciences Applied, E.N.S.Ahttp: //wwwensa.ump.ma
- National school of Trade and Management E.N.C.G
In at the end of 2006, the pharmacy and building work of a medical college with CHU began in district Al Qods.
La Ville of Oujda counts also a center of CPGE (Preparatory class at the universities) with two dies (MPSI and TSI) and more 300 students.
Traditions, Folklore & inheritance
- Ennaîr :
- Fantasia :
El Alaoui :
Tales and stories
- Lounja :
- Majjiitte :
- Baited Kandicha :
- Rkia Mimmiss :
- Zekraoui : husband of Rkia
- Kabrane Mouta :
- Baâ (Sidi Yahya)
- LAKEHAL Abdelhakim :
Not meeting of various civilizations, this oasis also shelters the mausoleums of several saints of which more venerated is that of Sidi Yahya Benyounès. For certain Christians, it is about Saint John, wire of contemporary Jonas of Jesus. For the Jews it is a Rabbi Castillan installed in Oujda in 1391. The popular beliefs allot a " of it; Luck " coming from a four twenty years long life passed in the worship of God.
- One does not buy vegetables, with bla bla: One does not nourish his family, with words.
- Each ewe is suspended by its leg each one must be responsible for what it does.
That which digs a hole falls there: that which plots or wants to carry damage to others, always undergoes reverses or is victim of its own misdeeds.
the drops of rain makes the river: it is necessary to be patient in the life.
what one gained during the day was lost the night: It is necessary to know to spend its money usefully.
- In the mausoleum of Sidi Yahia puts back a Christian saint who would be: Jean-Baptiste saint. It is for that, that many Oujdis, for the Saint-Jean-Baptist (celebrated on June 24th) made in Sidi Yahia a lamb barbecue.
- Oujda organized in 2005 the 1st Festival of the Maghrébin film.
Through the Islam, the Morocco received the East an important artistic inheritance. It was thereafter receptacle of the Andalusian culture. The origin of the Gharnati music goes back to the last centuries of the Andalusia Musulmane (1232 - 1492). The time of the dynasty Blessed Al Ahmar with Grenade. Nowadays, part of the musical tradition of this invaluable heritage appears in the countries of the the Maghreb under the name of Ala, çan3à, Gharnati, Maluf and recently Andalusian music. Cordoue, Seville, Grenade collaborated in the radiation of the language, poetry and the Andalusian music. In Oujda the Andalusian music reigns as a mistress in all the ceremonies, marriage, taken care intimate, etc In spite of the instrumental parts used it is the song which prevails, it is divided into two categories:
- the song Mélismatique at the free rate/rhythm improvised by a voice solo supported by an instrument.
- the Syllabic song , of which the melody fixed in advance is stressed on determined rate/rhythm, carried out in general by a group of voice in the unison sometimes enriched by some vocal ornaments carried out by one with the members by the group.
In Oujda the most famous group in music gharnatie is " Association Al Moussilia" ; it consists of approximately 16 members among whom instrumentalists and singers (boys and girls), it is dedicated primarily to research, the conversation and the diffusion of the rich person musical inheritance who remains in Morocco. Music Al Gharnati, domination under which one knows in Morocco the music coming from Al Andalusians, forms the principal base of its repertory which includes in addition to other Moroccan and Arab musical forms. This group took part in various demonstrations and national and international festivals: in Greece, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Syria, Jordan, Algeria. Rock'n'roll/metal The rock'n'roll with Oujda was born in the Seventies with many small groups which could not, unfortunately, to continue their career because of the domination of the groups like Nass El Ghiwane and Lemchaheb of the Moroccan scene as well as the devastation of the Algerian spoke, the scene Oujdi this time. In 1973 a group named Oasis at the time summer the first in Morocco and Oujda, to see even in Africa, to have given a concert live 100% rock'n'roll. It was with the cinema Paris with Oujda, the show was brilliant and people discovered a style of music except pair with much of energy (the group played some compositions as well as an extraordinary resumption of Eagles Hotel California). 25ans after, of new talents gives again birth with the Rock'n'roll/Metal Oujdi with in particular of the groups like: Metalvana, Dark' S Light, Blitzer, Phantom Lord, the Niagara, Silent Scream…
The Spoke, although being an Algerian music is very appreciated in Oujda which is regarded as the city of the spoke in Morocco.
Indeed, Oujdis are very influenced by this style of music thanks to made that the city is located at the Algerian border, country or is located the Capital world of this art (Oran).
The International festival of the Spoke is organized each summer in the city and whose first edition was a great success; with the presence of Cheb Khaled, Reda Taliani, National orchestra Of Bored, Zehouania, Bouchnak and talents local: Cheb Spoke Mohamed, Cheb Rabii Kasmi, Cheba Nawal, Cheb Ramzi, Yassin Generation, Mokhtar El Berkani, Hassan Lhassani, Lamcharek.
SportOujda has the following clubs:
- Mouloudia Club of Oujda (football, Rugby, handball, athletics, tennis shoe…).
- Sporting union Moslem of Oujda (football).
- Sporting union of Oujda (Rugby).
- Star Sportsman of Oujda (athletics).
- Sporting Rebirth of Oujda (football).
The sporting infrastructure with Oujda is consisted of the stage Municipale, an Olympic enclosure, the stage of Honor (40000 places) and dirty general sports which is in construction.
The Oujdi dialect
See also: Dictionary Oujdi
Although Oujda is in Morocco, the dialect oujdi belongs to the same under-dialect as the speeches of west-Algerian. Mutual comprehension between speakers of Oujda and speakers of Algeria of the West is nearly perfect, whereas it is seldom the case with the majority of the dialects of Morocco. However, the Moroccan Arab has been for several years of process of koinisation, and the dialect of Oujda there escaped step. One thus assists has a standardization of the dialect oujdi, in particular in the youngest speakers. This standardization must largely with the media, diffusing in a standard Morrocan, largely influenced by the dialects of Casablanca and reduction.
Principal the characteristic of the speech oujdi which it different from the other Moroccan speeches are:
the absence of the prefix verbal" ka" with the unaccomplished one: " will thus be said; nakoul" (I eat) instead of " kanakoul"
- distinction made between the 2nd person of the masculine and that of female, with accomplished the " dert" (you made (M) and " derti" (you made (F).
- the suffix of the 3rd person of the singular is often " ah" instead of " ou" , although this last is more and more used and becomes dominant.ex: " 3andah": It has, " darbah": It struck it….etc
- a lexicon suitable for the area, but often identical or rather near in Algeria to the west
- Wachta, wasmou: what, Mlih: well, Drwek: now, bella3: to close, zroudiya: carrot, arouah=viens! etc .....
Art of cooking of OujdaIn addition to the national dishes like Harira (soup), Pelletized it (bastela), the couscous (named Taam with Oujda), prepared either with the vegetables (generally 7) or with the dry grapes and onions (Zbibs), etc the Cuisine of Oujda is characterized by the specialities which follow:
- Zamitta : very nutritive and calorific mixture of sesame, almond etc passed with the rammer.
- Khringo : left crepe with small cells (holes) on a face (the name comes from holes).
- Mbessess (harcha)
- Takenta : paste to be pasted made containing flour, of sugar and oil.
- Kabda : of the time fat in Oujdi
- Klila: hard cheese (drained) which resembles the Feta
- Khliaa: of the meat dried, it is eaten with eggs
- Sekouk: refreshing entry containing a particular milk fermented Lben and semolina.
- Khobizze : flat containing a particular grass, which resembles the spinaches and which is very nutritive, one eats it per hour of tasting.
- Boubouche : of snail, prepared and spliced, very appreciated by Oujdis.
Bakbouka : it is a pocket bent in tripe of stomach of sheep filled with pieces of meat offals, rice, scanty pitches etc served during the day of Aïd El Kbir. (Composition: Tripe and meat offals of a sheep (strainer, liver, heart and lungs), chick-peas soaked since the day before, rices, onions chopped, chopped cloves of garlic, coriandre and chopped bunch of parsley, cumin, paprika, curcuma, pepper, salt, grated tomatos, olive oil, water.
- Foul Mfwar : Broad beans with the vapor
- Karane : containing scanty pitch flour (Socca in Nice and Carantita in Italy)
- Karaaine : sheep or calf's foot
- Karcha : dish containing tripe
- Tchicha : soup containing semolina
- Garâa Bsi-Bsi : marrows of the area of Oujda
- Loubya grini : bean dish
- Batata : potato dish
- Boubouche : Escarcot with the bubble
- Taqanta : species of consistent paste prepared with semolina, powders almond etc… especially been used the day as birth of babies.
- Zlabia : pastry making with honey
- Griwach :
- Ghribiya : a cake which resembles sprits;
- Karmouss : fig
- El hindiya : prickly pear, very appreciated in Oujda.
- Maqrout :cake containing semolina, date, honey, etc
Artisanal art Oujdi
Clothing for womanDjellaba, traditional dress which the women wear to leave.
Clothing for man
NicknamesPhoenix city: during its history, Oujda was destroyed ten time, in spite of that, this city knew to reappear of its ashes, each time like a phoenix.
Oujda acclimatizing it : (Wajda Walaffa), the visitors feel well with oujda, thanks to its climate, the reception of its inhabitants and the richness of its traditions, and much of them decide to settle there.
the city of the champions : ten world champions and about fifty champions of Morocco and Africa are originating in this town of 400.000 habitants.il has there in particular, Chouaref 9 times world champion kick boxing, full contact…, Benazzi world champion of Rugby, Belgaid, double champion of the world of Judo….
Works on Oujda
Oujda, a frontier town of Morocco, Yvette Katan
- Oujda, François Martinez
- Oujda Good-bye my liked well, of Abderrahmane Zenati
Return to Oujda, documentary French, carried out by Charlotte SZLOVAK, produced by ATRIA FILMS
See also: List of the personalities of Oujda
Gallery of images
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