The osque is a Indo-European Langue group sabellic now disappeared and remote cousin from the Latin with which it shares a common grammatical structure. The storage area of the osque language corresponds to all the southern part of the Italy other than the current areas of the Pouilles and the Calabria, and goes up on the Adriatic coast until the the Abruzzi.
It is thought that the settlement of the Italian peninsula by the Indo-Europeans was done in two waves: a first in thousand-year-old IIe before J-C (the Italiotes, which founds inter alia the civilization of the Terramares or terramaricole) and second vague towards -1000 (civilization known as villanovienne). The first wave would correspond linguistically to the sub-group of Langues Italic Latin - Falisque - Sicule, the second with the group osque- Ombrien, which explains the variations noted between the osque one and Latin.
One has little information concerning the formation of the osque one, but it is supposed that this language was not spoken any more after first century BC At least does not find of it one more trace, Latin dominating all Italy then. The first hard copies of the osque language go back to fourth century BC
On the plan of the vocabulary, so certain words are easily identifiable starting from Latin (for example, citizen: cevs into osque says civis in Latin), of many words result specific to osque and probably from a Substrat not Indo-European (ex, temple: curdled into osque, templum in Latin).
Compared to the other Italic languages, of many texts into osque reached us of which the famous Cippus Abellanus and the Tabula Bantina. Osques used an alphabet inspired of the Etruscan , itself inspired of the Greek alphabet.
The osque language is undoubtedly the Italic language the best known one after Latin because of late domination of Rome on this area.
See too" French does not come from the latin" Editions the harmattan 2007 ISBN 978-2-296-03081-7 (p 113 the osque enigma)
- Linguistic Osques
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