Nuclear plantThe nuclear plant of Olkiluoto has 2 of the 4 Finnish nuclear reactors, the two others being located at Loviisa.
Olkiluoto 3; Context With the beginning of the year 2000, the Finland wishes to launch the construction of a new nuclear plant, under the impulse of the industrialists electro-intensives (paper in particular). After an invitation to tender, the Finland chooses the construction of an engine of technology EPR on the site of Olkiluoto which accommodates already nuclear reactors. The contract is signed on December 18th, 2003 for the supply by a consortium carried out by Areva (including Areva NP and Siemens) of one EPR to the Finnish electrician Teollisuuden Voima OY (TVO). the contract relates to the supply of an engine turn-key for an amount estimated at 3 billion euros with TVO.
; Planning of the building site The building site begins in September 2005 for a startup initially envisaged semi-2009. Following problems in particular related on the placement of the concrete and the administrative certification of the engine, the estimated startup is delayed and on several occasions announced for 2011 (either one duration of 6 years estimated construction).
; Economy of the project At the time of the contract signature in December 2003, the global amount is estimated at 3 billion euros. The delay of the building site should lead Areva to pour penalties with TVO, with a financial impact which could be higher than 1.5 billion euros.
; Incidents on the building site The agency of the safety of radiations (Säteilyturvakeskus) Finnish as for him raised 1500 dysfunctions and anomalies concerning safety on the building site of the Finnish EPR . TVO refuses to publish the list of the whole of these dysfunctions . Authority of Finnish safety, the STUK, speaks " of unpreparedness " of Areva and laxism in " the quality of work,…, the organization and the control of the activities on the chantier".
; Supply of fuel Areva is charged by TVO with the supply with the unit with the services with the upstream with the Cycle with nuclear fuel (supply of natural uranium, conversion, enrichment and manufacture of fuel) for the first heart and the first two refills. The amount of the contract except manufacture of fuel rises to 100 million euros.
Storage of radioactive wasteSince 1994, all the radioactive waste produced in Finland must be stored in Finland, and the site of Olkiluoto was retained to be the center of storage
Notes and references of the article
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