It is one of the oldest cities Brésil iennes, considering which it was founded EM 1535 by Portuguese Duarte Coelho Pereira. It accepted its title of city in 1537. Olinda was then the seat of the harbor office of Pernambuco, but was set fire to by Dutch who transferred this seat to Recife.
It recovered this function of capital of Pernambouc in 1654 when Portuguese restored their authority by expelling Dutch. In 1837, it definitively lost its title of capital for the benefit of Recife.
Olinda had, according to the IBGE, a population of 384.510 inhabitants in July 2005, and belonged to the Metropolitan region of Recife, whose center is distant only of 6 km. It is limited to the south by Recife, the east by the Atlantic Ocean and the west by Recife also.
Town of great natural beauty, Olinda is also one of the greatest arts centres of Brazil. Declared, in 1982, World heritage of Humanity by UNESCO, Olinda revives its last splendor each year during its carnival.
In 2005, Olinda was elected first cultural capital of Brazil.
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