Old city of Jerusalem
Four districts constitute the old city of Jerusalem and are surrounded as a whole by the walls of Jerusalem .
The entire surface of the old city does not exceed 1km ².
Walls of Jerusalem
Successive walls existed in Jerusalem at various times.
The Bible makes the account of the catch of Jerusalem by the King David and roughly from the Xe front century J dates it. - C. the city, known then under the name of Jébus and inhabited by the Jébuséens, is surrounded by broad walls but few details are given on these.
According to the biblical account, the King Solomon carried out the extension of the walls of the city. They will be destroyed at the time of the Babylonian conquest by Nabuchodonosor II.
Between 41 and 44, the king of Judaea, Hérode Clutched Ier, made build new walls at the city, walls known under the name of " Third wall ". In 135, after the destruction of Jerusalem by the emperor Hadrian, the new Roman city of Ælia Capitolina is built in its place and is surrounded by new walls.
The original area of the town of Jébus conquered by the King David, known today under the name of Quoted of David , is not included in the current walls of the old city. The City of David is located at the South-east of what one generally calls the " old woman ville".
Districts of the old city
the Jewish district
- the Christian quarters
- the Armenian district
- the Moslem district
Doors of JerusalemOne counts 8 Doors at the old city of Jerusalem:
the Door of Damas (rear Sha' Dameseq), also called Door of Sichem (rear Sha' Shechem), or Door of the Pillar (Bab al' Amoud): built in 1537 and located in the middle of the Northern wall;
- the Door of the Rubbish (rear Sha' Ha' ashpot) to
, also called Door of Silwan or Door Mograbi : built between 1538 and 1540 and located in the oriental party of the Southern wall;
- the Door of Hérode (rear Sha' Hordos), also called Door of the Flowers (rear Sha' HaPerachim) or Door of the Sheep (Bab-a-Sahairad): built in (???) and located in the oriental party of the Northern wall;
- the Door gilded , also called rear Sha' Harahamim , Door of the Mercy or Door of the eternal Life : built with the 5me century and located in the middle of the wall Is;
- the Door of Jaffa (rear Sha' Yafo), also called Door of the Friends (Bab Al-Halil) or Door of the Tower of David : built between 1530 and 1540 and located in the middle of the Western wall
- the Door of the Lions (rear Sha' Ha' ariot), also called Door of Josaphat , Door of Sainte-Marie (Bab Sitt Miriam), Door of Saint-Etienne or Door of the Tribes : built between 1538 and 1539 and located in the northern part of the wall Is
- the Nouvelle Door (rear Sha' HaHadash or Bab Al-Jedid) to
, also called Porte of Hamid : built in 1887 and located in the Western part of the Northern wall;
- the Door of Sion (rear Sha' Tzion), also called Door of David and entered of the Jewish district: built in 1540 and located in the middle of the Southern wall.
Quoted of David
Jerusalem Old City Walls and Spoil
- Histoire of Jerusalem
- Portes of Jerusalem
- Vue panoramic of Jerusalem of the Mount of Olives Zoomable until 16x
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