Half of the countries of the world have an official language.
Some countries, like the the United States of America, do not have an official language, but there exist official languages for certain States which compose them.
The existence of only one official language does not imply that it is about the only native tongue (example in France, to see: regional Languages of France ), nor even as it is one of the most spoken native tongues. Thus in certain countries of Africa and with the Filipino , the official languages and of teaching (French or English), inherited the Colonialism, are not the most spoken national languages or. In the same way, in the Arab Countries, the official language is the Written Arabic whereas the native tongue is a Dialectical Arabic (language resulting from Arabic but different because having evolved/moved locally) or even a completely different language (Tamazight, Kurdish). Another example, the Irish Republic adopted the Gaelic like official national language , whereas he is actually spoken by a small proportion about the population, while the language having a secondary legal statute (English), is the spoken language by the majority. Lastly, in Indonesia, the majority of the inhabitants speak, in addition to the National language the Indonésien, which is Malayan, a regional Langue, native tongue for more half of Indonésiens.
Certain international organizations have also official languages and/or working languages. Thus UNO obtained six official languages - Arabic, English, Chinese, Spanish, French, Russian - who are the Langue S most largely included/understood in the world, even in the areas where they spontaneously are not spoken; all its work and debates are retranscribed in these six official languages.
The European Union represents an extremely interesting particular case since by nature it does not privilege the Langue of any State, and thus recognizes a multitude of official languages. However, English, French and German have the statute of working language.
See Political linguistics of the European Union .
- Language of culture
- List of the official languages
- National language
- regional Language
- Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts
External bondsFor Canada and Quebec
Beats-smg: Valstībėnė ruoda Be-X-old: Афіцыйнаямова Simple: Official language Zh-min-nan: Koaⁿ-hong gí-giân
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