Office off Meteorology
The Bureau off Meteorology is the weather service of Australia, also known under the initials BOM . It is an government agency founded in 1906 by the law known as Meteorology Act which then links all the preexistent services in the various states of the lately formed Australian federation. Its general headquarter is with Melbourne but it has offices of forecasts in each of the six states and two territories of the country. Moreover, it maintains a network of stations of aerological surface and , weather Radars and Bouée S on its territory, surrounding water and even in Antartique. In addition to its regular personnel, the BOM counts some 500 remunerated co-operative observers and 6.000 volunteers who take measures of Précipitation daily.
HistoryBetween 1908 and 1935, the BOM had one center of forecast in Melbourne whereas offices in each official capital were used as climatological research and dissemination centers . However in 1936, the creation of the forecasts to the Aviation was the release of an important expansion of the service and brought to the multiplication of the centers of forecasts towards the end of the year 1940. During the Second world war, the BOM was temporarily built-in with the services of the RAAF (Royal Australian Air Force) but turned over to the civil sector to the end of this one.
In 1955, the Meteorology Act is amended. This change, and the introduction of new technologies, begin a new era from growth for the office. This last inaugurates its service for the Télévision in 1956 and reorganizes in 1958 to include a research department and development at the general headquarter what follows closely the formation of the service of hydrometeorology and forecast of believed of 1957.
In 1966, Melbourne accommodates one of the three world centers of the OMM (World Meteorological Organization) aiming to the collection centralized and the redistribution of the weather data throughout the world. Starting from 1968, the development of the Data-processing and data acquisition by Télédétection (satellite and weather Radars) leads to the Automatisation of this process.
In 1971, the regional centres of forecasts were open in all the capitals of states but in 1974 long series of questionings of the government on the public or private role of the meteorology services led to one ten years period of stagnation and even of retreat for the BOM. Its equipment, the moral one of the troops and its performances suffered from it. It is only in the middle of the years 1980 that the government decided finally that it was of public interest and started again to provide him the sums necessary to its work.
The BOM, like much of service nationals of weather, created its own section of numerical Prévision of time and the installation of the first Superordinateur in 1988 made it possible to roll of the increasingly powerful models for the daily and climatological forecasts.
StructureThe various offices are located in the capitals is Perth, Darwin, Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney, Canberra, Adelaïde and Hobart. One there retouve various research departments and of maintains material weather. Their goal pricipal is however the service with the particular public and users for:
- Forecasts and public weather warning S. maritime
- Forecasts and weather warnings. weather
- Forecasts and warnings with aviation.
- Forecasts hydrometeorological S and warnings of believed of the rivers.
- Weather forecasting with the forestrie and agriculture.
Certain offices have moreover of the particular missions:
- Forecasts and warnings for the tropical cyclones in the offices of Perth, Darwin and Brisbane.
- Forecasts of the Tide S and the tidal waves in Adelaide.
- Forecast of the trajectory of ashes ic Volcano in the event of eruption with Darwin.
In addition to the services above, one finds at the general headquarter of Melbourne:
- the section of Research and development ( Research Centers ).
- the national center in meteorology and Oceanography ( National Meteorological and Oceanographic Centers ).
- the national center of Climatology ( National Climate Centers ).
- Of the sections of hydrology and satellite interpretation .
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