The Oder ( Odra in Polish, Czech and Sorabe) is a Fleuve of Central Europe of 854km length which throws in the the Baltic. It runs through the Czech Republic (112 km) and the Poland (742 km), and skirts the Germany (on 187 km), then forming in its medium the natural border between Germany and Poland. It is the 2nd Polish river (in length) after the the Vistula.
GeographyOder takes its source to 627 m of altitude in Moravie, in Fidlův kopec, in Oderské vrchy, Eastern buttress of the Sudètes close to Olomouc, where it constitutes on a part the border between the Silesia and the Moravie; after Ostrava, it crosses the border between the Czech Republic and Poland then runs through the areas ( Voïvodies ) Polish of Silesia, Opole, Basse Silesia (and its capital, Wrocław), of Lubusz and finally of Poméranie Western and its capital Szczecin.
Since its confluence with the Neisse in Ratzdorf (in the north of Guben, in Brandebourg), until the north of Schwedt, its medium marks the border between Poland and Germany. It then crosses the town of Frankfurt-on-the Oder. Between Schwedt/Oder and Gartz, Oder is divided in two arms: Western Polish Oder (: Odra Zachodnia ) and Eastern Polish Oder (: Odra Wschodnia ). Western Oder is (until Mescherin) river border, before starting to run like Eastern Oder only in Polish territory. The slope of the last thirty kilometers before Szczecin makes only a few centimetres. Starting from Szczecin, the river is accessible to the ocean liners.
Oder is thrown in the Baie of Szczecin which communicates with the the Baltic. During 150 last years, work of correction reduced the length of Oder of 1 040 km to 854 km now. In 1997 took place the last great rising of Oder, which inter alia largely damaged the town of Wrocław.
- List of rivers in the world
- Border Oder-Neisse
- water and international law: selective bibliography See Oder and Neisse (rivers) . Library of the Palate of Peace
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