The October 19th is the 292e Jour of the Année (293e in the event of Leap year) of the Gregorian Calendrier. There remain 73 days before the end of the year.
-202 : Battle of Zama, where the Carthaginian of Hannibal are crushed by the Romain S.
1 to 1900
- 1781: Battle of Yorktown: Franco-American Victoire. The English forces of the general Cornwallis capitulate with Yorktown in Virginia, whereas the war of independence American key at its end.
- 1789 : Foundation of the Club of the Jacobins street Saint-Honore by Lanjuinais and the Hatter joined by Barnave, Duport, Fayette, Lameth, Honore Gabriel Riqueti de Mirabeau, Sieyès, Talleyrand, Brissot, Robespierre…
- 1800: The Expédition Baudin leaves Le Havre.
- 1812 : Napoleon i starts to evacuate Moscow
- 1813: End of the Battle of Leipzig (16 October -19).
- 1873 : Arthur Rimbaud publishes One season in hell .
- 1897 : Inauguration of the National theater of the Costa Rica with the Faust of Gounod.
- 1904: Inauguration of the first small vault of the Oratorical St-Joseph, in Montreal, built by the Brother Andre.
- 1912 : The Bulgarian ones put the seat in front of Andrinople, during the Balkan war.
- 1914 : The Bataille of Yser starts.
- 1921 : A revolution bursts with Lisbon
- 1925: The Italy completes the occupation of the Somalia.
- 1931 : The gangster Al Capone, chief of the underworld of Chicago, is condemned to 17 years of prison and 50.000 dollars of fine for tax avoidance.
- 1935 : The Company of the Nations vote of the sanctions against the Italy, following its intervention in Abyssinie.
- 1944 : The American army unloads with the Filipino , which is occupied by the Japan board
- 1956: With alternate Barcelona (Spain), of Antonio Borrero Morano known as “Chamaco”, Spanish Matador.
- 1959 : First emission of Hello the buddies on Europe 1.
- 1960: Beginning of the embargo on exports to Cuba issued by the the United States
- 1962: Incidents burst between Indiens and Chinese in two sectors of the Himalayan border between the two countries.
- 1969: Dedication of the Church hard-working Saint-Joseph of Avignon, built modern church of 1967 with 1969 by the French architect Guillaume Waistcoat, in the southern periphery of the city.
- Two Easts Germany hijack a Polish plane on West Berlin.
- 1984 : Removal and assassination of the priest Polish Jerzy Popieluszko.
- 1986 : First free elections with Haiti since 29 years
- Crash of October 1987 on the markets of Interest rate and actions. The Dow Jones loses 22,6%, the most important fall ever recorded in one day on a market of actions.
- the Americans attack two Iranian oil platforms in the Arabo-Persian Gulf.
- a hurricane strikes Brittany.
- 1992 : The South-African Parliament adopts the law allowing the entry of the blacks the government.
- 1993 : Benazir Bhutto, dismissed in 1990, is elected Prime Minister for the Pakistan
- 1994: " the Daily newspaper of Paris " , founded in 1973, is put in Compulsory liquidation.
- 1996 : The France passes to telephone classification to 10 digits.
- 1997 : Therese de Lisieux is proclaimed Doctors of the Church by the Pape Jean-Paul II
- the National Assembly adopts in first reading the second Bill of Martine Aubry on the reduction of the working time at 35 hours.
- the president of the ARC, Jacques Crozemarie is condemned for “, concealment breach of trust of abuse of corporate asset, forgery and use of forgery” following the scandal of Association for research on cancer.
- 2000 : The International penal court (TPI) of $the Hague confirms the culpability and the judgment at the life imprisonment for Génocide of the ex-First minister of the Rwanda, Jean Kambanda, at the origin of the massacre of thousands of Tutsi S and Hutu S moderated in 1994.
- 2003 :
- Béatification of Mère Teresa by Jean-Paul II
- the Belgian player of Tennis Justine Henin-Hardenne becomes n° 1 world after its victory against Jelena Dokic (SEM), finally of the tournament of Zurich.
- Some 38.660 Croatian small-lunched at the same time in eleven cities of the country, to try to beat the record established by Taiwan in 2001 with more than 15.000 participants, according to the authorities.
- removal of Cecilia Zhang.
- Three Israeli soldiers are killed in an ambush set-up in the Palestinian village of Ain Yabroud, in the east of Ramallah in the West Bank. In reprisals, five raids of Israeli aviation in the Gaza Strip will make 10 dead.
- 2005 : Opening of the lawsuit of Saddam Hussein in front of the Iraqi Special court with Baghdad, which must consider the former president Iraqi and seven former high ranking officials of his mode for the massacre of Doujaïl, Shiite city where 150 people were killed in 1982, following an attempted murder against the former dictator.
- 1605 : Sir Thomas Browne, writer and encyclopedist English († 1682, also an October 19th).
- 1609 : Giovanni Bona, cardinal and Italian writer. († October 28th 1674).
- 1718 : Victor-François de Broglie, Duke of Broglie, Marshal of France. († March 30th 1804).
- 1858 : George Albert Boulenger, British zoologist of Belgian origin († 1937).
- 1859 : Alfred Dreyfus, officer French condemned wrongly for espionage, then rehabilitated (see: the Business Dreyfus) († 1935).
- 1862 : Auguste Lumière, inventor of the Cinematograph with his/her brother Louis († 1954).
- 1889 : Charles Ier of Portugal, king de Portugal († 1908)
- 1910: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian astrophysicist († 1995).
- 1910 : Paul Robert, lexicographer and editor († 1980).
- 1927 : Pierre Alechinsky, painter and Belgian engraver.
- 1927 : Jean Bastien-Thiry, French military engineer, who tried to make assassinate the general de Gaulle († 1963).
- 1931 : John the British Square writer .
- 1932 : François Guillaume, politician French, former minister for agriculture.
- 1946 : Robert Hue, politician French and chairs communist party , born with Cormeilles-in-Parisis.
- 1952 :
- Marie-Christine Arnautu, French political woman, member of the political office of the FN, regional adviser of island-of-France.
- Memona Hintermann, journalist Frenchwoman
- 1964: Agnes Jaoui, actress and French director .
- 1973 : Hicham Arazi Moroccan tennis player.
- 1981 : Heikki Kovalainen pilot of formula 1
- 1179 : Eudes de Saint-Amand, 8th Large-Master of the Order of the Temple.
- 1335 : Élizabeth Ryksa, queen of Bohemia and Poland.
- 1682 : Sir Thomas Browne, writer and encyclopedist English (° 1605, also an October 19th).
- 1745 : Jonathan Swift, writer Irish (° 1667).
- 1813 : Józef Antoni Poniatowski, general Polish (° May 7th 1763)
- 1878: Agostino Perini, 75 years, Naturalist Italy N. (° December 2nd 1802).
- 1890 : Sir Richard Francis Burton, British explorer (° March 19th 1821)
- 1911: Eugene Burton Ely, aviator (° 1886).
- 1937 : Ernest Rutherford, physicist New Zealand (° 1871).
- 1943 : Camille Claudel, woman sculptor (° 1864).
- 1945 : Plutarco Elías Holds, president of the Mexico of 1924 with 1928 (° 1877).
- 1971 : César Girón, Matador venuezuelien (° June 13rd 1933).
- 1984 : Jerzy Popieluszko, priest Polish.
- 1987 : Jacqueline Of the Pre, Violoncellist.
- 1999 : Nathalie Sarraute, French writer (° 1900).
- 2002 : Nikolai Rukavishnikov, Soviet cosmonaut (° 1932)
- 2003: Alija Izetbegovic, first president of the independent Bosnia-Herzégovine.
- 2005 : Wolf Rilla, American realizer of German origin.
Catholic and orthodoxe saints
- Joel (prophet)
- Chaffre of Velay (+ 728), abbot founder of the Monastier-on-Gazeille.
- Jean de Rila (+ 946), the founder of most famous the monastery of Bulgaria.
Beats-smg: Spalė 19 Be-X-old: 19 кастрычніка Fiu-vro: 19. rehekuu päiv Nds-nl: 19 oktober Simple: October 19 Zh-yue: 10 月 19 號
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