Oblast de Tomsk
The oblast of Tomsk is an administrative division of first level of the Fédération of Russia. It occupies the south-eastern part of the plain of Western Siberia, in the average current of the Ob ( Обь ). The area or Oblast ( область ) of Tomsk ( Томск ) has as joint areas the Krai de Krasnoïarsk, the oblasts of Kémérovo, Novossibirsk, Omsk and Tioumen.
The area of Tomsk is located in the Siberian federal District.
Surface: 316 900 km ²
- Divisions: 16 districts, 5 cities, 2 boroughs of the urban type
- Cities: Tomsk (496 000 inhabitants), Strejevoï (46 000), Assino (33 000), Kolpachevo (30 000)
- Center: Tomsk
- Population: 1 001 000 inhabitants (urban population: 621 000, 62 %; rural: 380 000 inhabitants, 38 %).
- Density: 2,6 inhabitants with the square kilometer
- Industry: Principal industrial centers: Tomsk and Strejevoï; chemistry and petrochemistry
- Agriculture: 52 row for the total agricultural production in Russia
- Rivers: Ob, Tom (who joined Ob 60 kilometers in the north of Tomsk)
ReliefsThe area of Tomsk, is on a plate at an altitude of 200 meters primarily marshy.
In south-east the buttresses of Alataou Kouznetskyï are who culminate with 211 Mr. the central part, occupied by the broad valley of Ob, divides the territory of the area into two almost equal parts: the left bank, which include/understand a broad marshy depression - Marais of Vassiougan - with the altitude of 166 m in high Bakchar, and the Right Bank with the altitude of 193 m, which less marshy and is populated.
The deep layers of the area of Tomsk conceal layers of Pétrole, Gaz and Tourbe. The layer of Vassiougan presents considerable peat reserves. There is layer nonmetalliferous (clays, stones of construction, limestone, sand-gravel mixtures, sands different, mineral colors). There are also many underground water reserves.
ClimateThe climate of the area is continental. The winter is long and rigorous, the summer is short and hot. It falls from 400 to 550 mm of precipitations per annum, the maximum of precipitations being located in summer.
Average temperatures (in °C):
EconomyThe key sectors of the area - mechanical engineering and the work of metals - are concentrated mainly in Tomsk and partially in Kolpachevo. Forest industry is important. The greatest forestry developments are installed in the basins of the rivers Ket and Tchoulym. The construction of the railroad Assino-Belyï Yar made it possible to widen the zone of the storage of wood. Million cubic meters of wood is treated in the forest factories of Mogotchino, Ket, Assino and Tomsk. The complexes of forest industry were ctéés in Assino, Kolpachevo and Belylï Yar. The sawlog and the structural timber are sent in the areas of Novossibirsk and Kémérovo but also with the Kazakhstan and in Central Asia. Food industry (meat, cheese dairy, dairy, flour mill, semolina factory, fish shop) uses the raw materials of the country. Light industry uses the imported raw materials. In Tomsk factories of shoes are, of clothes industry and textile.
Fauna and floraOb is the principal river of the area. Its affluents are Tom, Tchoulym, Ket, the Tym, the Tchaïa, the Parabel as well as the Vassiougan. There are also many lakes. The marshes occupy 30 % of the territory. The grounds are mainly grassy and podolic, boggy and marshy. The grounds of the south and the western south are forest gray and black. The forests occupy 56 % of the territory of the area; conifers prevail (close to 60 %): Cedar, spruce, pine, Fir tree; the leafy trees present are mainly the Bouleau X and the Tremble S.
The area of Tomsk is populated of wolf S, lynx, Renard S, Renne S, dash S, Chevreuil S, Hamster S. Because of their fur, the squirrel, the Zibeline, the Ondatra, the Siberian fitchet have a certain economic importance there. One finds there also Gélinotte S, the large ones and small Tétras, Canard S. the parts of water are rich in Esturgeon S, salmons of Siberia, ides mélanotes.
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