Oblast de Kaliningrad
The Oblast of Kaliningrad (“ iantarny kraï ”, “country of amber”) is a Russian enclave at the edge of the the Baltic, surrounded by the Lithuania with north and the Poland in the south. Until 1945, the oblast of Kaliningrad, the Voïvodie de Varmie-Masurie in Poland and Memelland (area of Memel/Klaipeda in current Lithuania) formed the Prussia-Eastern , pertaining to the Germany. The Oblast, of a surface of: 15100 km ², have a population of approximately: 900000 inhabitants. The capital is Kaliningrad (in the past Königsberg ).
The oblast of Kaliningrad is the most Western area, smallest and most recent of Russia.
The oblast of Kaliningrad and European Union
Because of adhesion of the Poland and Lithuania with the European Union, the Russian Enclave of Kaliningrad was in the middle of diplomatic negotiations between the Russia and the Union. Indeed, under the terms of the Agreements of Schengen, the borders of the Enclave were going to become borders external of the European Union, thus making difficult the terrestrial connections with the remainder of Russia.
The two involved parts may find it beneficial to find an agreement:
- the Russian authorities refused to see part of their territory isolated from the Russia, especially that Kaliningrad is victim of economic difficulties since the fall of the the USSR and because of its insulation;
- the Poland and the Lithuania do not wish to see a Russian enclave developing on the border which they must supervise.
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