Oakland is a city of the west coast of the the United States located in bay of San Francisco, in the north of the California. In the north of the city Berkeley is, where seat celebrates it university. In the west, after the bridge Bay Bridge, San Francisco is. Oakland is one of the three most important ports of the west coast of the United States: its port developed in the Années 1970 thanks to the containerization of the goods. In 1997, the port thus received 20,5 million tons (source: Economic Images of the World ).
In spite of the bad reputation of Oakland as regards the rate of Criminality and its education system; its climate, its geographical location, and its offer of shopping malls and restaurants representing all the kitchens of the world raised out of arrow the prices of the real estate lasting the last decade.
Principal attractions of the city are the museum of Oakland, the lake Merritt, the football team American Oakland Raiders, the team of baseball Oakland Athletics, and equips it with basketball Golden State Warriors.
The international airport of Oakland serves many destinations.
The town of Oakland surrounds the town of Piedmont.
The first known inhabitants of the area were the Amerindian S Huchiun which belonged to the linguistic group which was called later Ohlone (an Indian word Miwok meaning " people of the ouest"). They were at the time concentrates around the Lac Merritt and of Temescal Creek , a brook which joined the Baie of San Francisco to Emeryville.
Oakland, as the remainder of the California of North, became a possession of the Spain in 1772 following the discovery of the area by the Spanish explorers. Between the end of the 18th century and the first decades of the 19th century, Oakland belonged to a rich person landowner, Luís María Peralta which called its grounds Rancho San Antonio . With the approach of its death in 1842, Peralta divided its ground so that its four sons inherit each one of a portion this one. Most of the current city was then shared by Antonio Mara and Vincent, who opened it with colonization.
The development with large scales of the city began after the conquest of the California with the the United States during the Mexico City-American Guerre, and with the Gold rush of 1848. Oakland was founded in 1852 and grows thanks to the arrival of the railroad. It was an important railway center in the Années 1870. Oakland quickly annexed the cities and colonies located in the vicinity. Its industrial growth led to the construction of a channel in 1902 which created the island of Alameda and allowed the construction of the port of Oakland. In 1906 its population increased considerably, because of arrival of the survivors of the earthquake (and the fire which followed) of San Francisco. In 1920 Oakland was the center many industries of which the car, the construction of boats and the Métallurgie.
During the Second world war the industry of naval construction was fully requested and attracted very many workers since all the country. Much of them was afroaméricains coming from the states of south-west (Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Arkansas) which lived in prosperity lasting these years. Unfortunately, and as well as auto industry, the shipbuilding industry stopped, just like employment concerned. Many of those which had come for this kind from work decided to remain in Oakland while others moved in the suburbs under development in the north and the south of the limits of the city.
At the end of the Years 1960, Oakland, which had been rather thrives before the war, was dominated by a population much poorer than before. The current reputation of the high level of criminality is related to this transformation.
These last years the downtown area was refitted and the population increased (409 300 inhabitants in 2004). Some however see in these projects a desired Embourgeoisement.
Oakland is located at 37°47' 43" of northern latitude, 122°13' 41" of western longitude. It belongs to the Comté of Alameda (1,4 million inhabitants). According to the office of census of the United States, the city extends on 202,4 km ². 145,2 km ² of immersed grounds and 57,2 km ² of water (entire surface thus counts water 28%).
PopulationPopulation of the 10 towns of the most populated California (2004)
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