Nouvel Observateur (a time entitled France Observer ) is a Hebdomadaire French of general information, whose first number was published on November 19th, 1964. It belongs to the Groupe Perdriel. Nouvel Observateur is a newspaper of center left (considered social democrat sensitivity).
HistoryThe origin of the newspaper is the political, economic and literary Observer , weekly magazine of 24 pages drawn, as of the first publication on April 13rd, 1950, with 20.000 specimens. It was founded by the old resistant ones, Gilles Martinet of the AFP, Roger Stephan, Claude Bourdet and Hector de Galard of Combat . It becomes today the Observer in 1953 then France Observer in 1954. In France according to war, impregnated of the spirit of the resistance of left, France Observer is affirmed like a polemical newspaper, proposing the need for giving their independence to the colonies, denouncing the scandals and compromisings, torture in Algeria. The newspaper draws with 100.000 specimens.
Beginning 1964, France Observer fails because of financial problems. Claude Perdriel, an industrialist impassioned by the press, and Jean Daniel, journalist and writer, decides to start again the weekly magazine which becomes Nouvel Observateur on November 19th, 1964.
The editorial line of the magazine, development by thinkers such as Jean Daniel, Maurice Clavel or Gilles Trip hammer, is the one long period old heiress of “opposition” to the French governments of center-right and preserves a clear sensitivity “of left”.
In 1974, familiarly called the Nouvel Obs , Nouvel Observateur draws with 400.000 specimens. The reason of this success is due above all to its capacity to seize the spirit of time: it is representative of the evolution of manners and reveals with the general public the many sociocultural currents of the years post-68.
In 1984, following new financial problems, Claude Perdriel increases the capital of the Nouvel Observateur and becomes the majority shareholder about it. New journalists are committed (Claude Weill, Olivier Peretier, Jean-Paul Mari…) and the concept of the newspaper is modified. Nouvel Observateur approaches the style " news magazine" , revival the idea of the reports and develops the facts of companies. The supplement Obs of Paris brings a glance on the cultural life of the capital while an economic book is integrated into the magazine starting from 1985.
In September 1993, a supplement television makes its appearance, TéléCinéObs , directed by Richard Cannavo and diffused in Paris and in province. It becomes national in January 1994. In 1995, Nouvel Observateur becomes the first French news magazine in front of the Express train .
In 1999, nouvelobs.com, site of information uninterrupted on Internet are launched by Patrick Fiole (drafting as a chief) and Christina Sourieau (direction of the Electronic editions). A dedicated team journalists is installation. It is the interactive Nouvelobs.
In 2003, the Parisian supplement, whose Guillaume Malaurie is editor association, is renamed Paris Obs . Nouvel Observateur obtains regional supplements directed by Patrick Fiole.
The direction of the magazine is ensured by Jean Daniel and the direction of the drafting by Guillaume Malaurie and Michel Labro, who succeeded in December 2006 Laurent Joffrin after his return to Libération .
Diffusion of Nouvel Observateur Sources: Diffusion Controls, 2007, Office site of Justification of the Diffusion 2007.
Direction of Nouvel Observateur
Chairman and managing director: Claude Perdriel
Directing: Jean Daniel
Executive editor associations
Of 1964 to 1985: Hector de Galard (1921-1990)
- Of 1985 to 1988: Franz-Olivier Giesbert
- Of 1988 to 1996: Laurent Joffrin
- Of 1996 to 1999: Bernard Guetta
- Of 1999 to 2006: Laurent Joffrin
- Since 2006: Guillaume Malaurie and Michel Labro
Other persons in charge of the drafting
Since 1964: Serge Lafaurie
- Of 1965 to 1978: Jacques-Laurent Bost (1916-1990)
- Since 1968: Pierre Bénichou
- Of 1970 to 1977: Olivier Todd
- Since 1978: Josette Combined
- Of 1979 to 1990: Christiane Duparc
Drafting of Nouvel Observateur
- Jacques Julliard
- Delfeil de Ton
- François Reynaert
- Bernard Frank (1929-2006)
- Jerome Garcin
- Jacques Drillon
- Jean-Claude Guillebaud
Heading " Politique"
Writers, reporters: Irene To combine, Claude Estier, Kathleen Evin, Claude-François Julien, Lucien Rioux (1928-1995), Carole Barjon, Herve Algalarrondo, Claude Askolovitch, Mathieu Croissandeau, Agathe Logeart
Heading " Monde"
Responsible: Rene Backmann, Henri Guirchoun
Heading " Our Epoque"
Responsible: Serge Raffy, Christophe Boltanski
- Writers: Anne Fohr, Gerard Petitjean (- 2007), Vigorous Elsa, Jean-Jacques Chiquelin, Isabelle Monnin, Olivier Toscer, Caroline Brizard, Fabien Gruhier, Michel de Pracontal, François Reynaert, Robert Marmoz, Gerard Muteaud
Heading " Économie"
Responsible: Thierry Philippon, Martine Gilson, Dominique Nora,
- Writers, reporters: Doan Bui, Nathalie Funès, Claude Soula, Natacha Tatu
Heading " Letter-arts-Spectacles"
Critical musical and dramatic: Maurice Foil (1932-1990)
- Claire Bretécher
- François Cérésa
- Copi (1940-1987)
- Walter Lewino
- Jean-Marc Reiser (1941-1983)
- Robert Scipion (1921-2001)
Other publications of the Perdriel Group
See also: Group Perdriel
|Random links:||Thiruvananthapuram | Tommy Moe | Wampum | Paul Shenar | Philippe Pelletier | Ashmore,_l'Illinois|