The North America is a Sous-continent or the northern part of the America, according to the point of view.
In the north of the continent the North America is who gathers the following countries:
In the North-East of the continent is the island of the Greenland, the second larger island of the world (after Australia). It is integral part of North America. Politically, it is an autonomous territory of the kingdom of the Denmark.
- the Canada; large islands are off the coasts of the continent and belong to Canada:
- the Vancouver Island and the islands of the Queen-Charlotte in the west,
- the island of the Prince-Edouard, Newfoundland and the island of Cape-Breton the in the east, and
- the Canadian Arctic Archipelago with the island of Ellesmere, the island of Baffin, and the island Victoria in north;
- Off the coasts of Canada is Saint-Pierre-and-Miquelon, a territory attached to the France.
- the the United States,
- the Bermuda (the United Kingdom) .
- the Mexico.
PopulationHeritage of the various waves of immigration which marked its history, North America presents three well differentiated ethno-cultural groups.
The first in north, is the Anglo-Saxon unit, composed of Canada and the United States. The Amerindians are always present there, but in a negligible proportion. The majority of the population is there of European origin (without neglecting the contributions of recent immigration, the Afro-Americans and the Hispanic ones). The most used language remains English although a strong French minority in Canada remains (Quebec, New Brunswick and are of Ontario).
The second in the south, where the majority of the population is mongrel there, is the resultant of the marriages between Spanish and Amerindian colonists. The part of the Amerindians is there much larger (Mexico).
One can despite everything underline the prevalence of the European languages, of Christendom (protesting and catholic), the whole métissé with the Amerindian and African cultures to a certain extent.
European explorationAccording to the last developments of the historical research, the first Europeans to reach North America are the Viking S (whose celebrates it Érik the Red). About the year 1000, Scandinavians come from the Greenland try a colonization of Newfoundland (archaeological vestiges of Handle-with-Meadows).
- before 1400, several establishments Breton Basques and along the river the St. Lawrence testify to the first commercial links between North America and Europe.
- Towards 1480, the fishermen of Bristol-board could attend Newfoundland.
- 1497 : The explorer Venetien Giovanni Cabotto (John Pooch) with the service of king d' Angleterre discovers Newfoundland.
- 1507 : The German cartographer Martin Waldseemuller baptizes the Nouveau World Americi Terra ( America ), derived from the first name of the explorer Amerigo Vespucci.
- 1512 : the Spaniard Juan Sandpapers of León share of Puerto Rico to explore the coasts of Florida Cap Canaveral until perhaps Pensacola.
- 1524 : Giovanni da Verrazano missionné by the king of France, arrives at the Cape Fear (current North Carolina). It goes up the Atlantic coast towards north and discovers the site of future the New York.
- 1528 - 1534: Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca spends six years to the Texas.
- 1534 - 1535: Jacques Cartier explores the mouth of the the St. Lawrence.
- 1539 : exploration of current the Arizona by Marcos de Niza.
- 1542 : The Portuguese João Rodrigues Cabrillo explores the coast California.
- 1673 : the French Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette begin the exploration of the Mississippi river.
- 1741 : Bering and Chirikov explore the Alaska.
- 1789 : Alexander Mackenzie discovers the Makenzie river and arrives in the Arctic Ocean.
- 1791 : The Spanish captain Jose Maria Narvaez is the first European to explore the strait of Georgia close to current the Vancouver.
- 1792 : Alexander Mackenzie crosses the Rocky Mountains by borrowing the course of the Fraser River. It reaches the west coast of Canada on July 22nd. He is the first European to cross the continent of North America.
- 1804 - 1806: the Forwarding Lewis and Clark crosses the the United States until the Pacific Ocean, by going up Missouri.
European colonizationSee the articles : History of News-France, Louisiana (News-France), Colonial history of the United States of America, News-Spain.
- 1565: foundation of St Augustine.
- 1604 : beginning of the French colonization of Canada.
- 1607 : foundation of the first English colony of North America : Jamestown (Virginia), today uninhabited.
- 1607 : foundation of Santa Fe (New Mexico) (Mexico)
- 1608: foundation of Quebec Canada
- 1624: installation of the first Europeans on the island of Manhattan
- 1630: foundation of Boston
- 1634: foundation of Three-Rivers Canada
- 1642: foundation of Montreal Canada
- 1682: foundation of Philadelphia
- 1696: foundation of Rimouski Canada
- 1701: foundation of Strait
- 1718: foundation of La Nouvelle-Orléans
- 1764: foundation of Saint Louis (Missouri)
- 1770: foundation of Chicago
- 1776: foundation of San Francisco
- 1781: Foundation of Los Angeles (Mexico)
- 1793: foundation of Toronto Canada
ReliefThe provision of the North-American relief is longitudinal: the area breaks up into differentiated units which follow one another of is in west: the oriental party is dominated by littoral plains narrow with north (Canada and New England and broader in the south (Florida). Behind these flat spaces assembly lines relatively low, of old formation and eroded are: the the Appalachian Mountains hardly exceed the 2000 meters of altitude. The plate of the Laurentides constitutes the essence of the peninsula of Labrador. While going towards the west, one meets spaces relatively flat and relatively low, strewn with lakes (lake of the Bear, Lac of the Slaves, Lac Winnipeg and the Big lakes). More in the south, the valley of the the Mississippi represents the backbone of the center of North America. Then, the area of the Grandes Plains then Piedmont of the Rocheuses follow one another at increasingly high altitudes. The West of North America is a succession of more or less parallel chains which constitute an obstacle with circulation. This mountainous unit, broader in the United States than in Canada, is intersected with high plateaus and trough faults. Last spaces before the Pacific Ocean are characterized by a great activity seismic Volcan ic and : it is about an important portion of the Ceinture of fire of the Pacific.
|Random links:||Acuerdo de Non-disclosure | Province of the Brabant | Danton Eeprom | Marbourg | Veliki Popovac | Han Geng Shidi|