Nobel Prize of chemistry
The Nobel Prize of Chimie is decreed once the year by the royal Académie of sciences of Sweden to a scientist whose work and work contributed an exceptional share to the Chimie and allowed a remarkable progress in the knowledge of the field. After the publication of the name of the prize winner at at the beginning of October, the price (a medal and a diploma) is officially given by the king of Sweden, the December 10th, birthday day of died of the founder of the price. Since 2001, it is equipped with an amount of 10 million Swedish crowns.
Prize winner nomination
According to the will of Alfred Nobel, chemist of profession, the price must reward “the discovery or the most important improvement in chemistry”. Nobel provided that its attribution returned to the royal Académie of sciences of Sweden. This last delegates the choice of the prize winner to the Nobel Committee, depend on the Fondation and specific to each branch to be rewarded. The members of the committee are elected five per three years among the members of the Académie. Those are based on various authorities of authority on the matter to work out their nominations: chemists recognized, circles of eminent professors in university, association of researchers, former prizes winner, leaders of great national centres or international of scientific research… It is interdict with each person solicited to vote for itself. Thousands of annual proposals, obligatorily argued and detailed, are submitted to the committee which studies reliability of it. It prune them half to on the whole preserve only one about fifty canditatures subjected as of spring at the other academicians who must subscribe to some recommendations. The final list, determined by the Academy, includes/understands five names or groups of names associated with a precise research. The election of the prizes winner is done in October. Their identity is revealed at the time of an official press conference. The nominations must normally remain secret even if many were made public. Sworn are obliged to respect the instruction of the will of Nobel: “proved reliable with time” to allot the price. Between the discovery of the scientist and his designation as a récipiendiaire must normally run out one period minimum twenty years. This order is prone to polemic insofar as the personalities in the field do not survive all the interval given. Immense scientists, whose work however completely modified the approach of the discipline, were not rewarded, the price which cannot be allotted in a posthumous way.
Prizes winnerThe table below includes/understands all the prizes winner of the Nobel Prize of Chimie of 1901 at our days.
- Prizes winner on Nobelprize.org
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