Nikolaus von Falkenhorst
Nikolaus von Falkenhorst , born the January 17th 1885 with Breslau in Silesia (currently Wrocław) and deceased the June 18th 1968 with Holzminden (Lower Saxony), was a German general of the Second world war.
He was born in an old noble family from German language, under the name of Nikolaus von Jastrzembski. He very early changed his Slavic name into German name in his military career.
After a training of pupil officer, it joined, on March 22nd, 1903, the 7th regiment of pomegranates “king Guillaume 1st” of the army of Prussia with Liegnitz (currently Legnica).
During the First World War, it is affected with various functions of state major, in various places of the face. After the end of the war, it is integrated, as a member of the Body-francs in the army (Reichswehr) and there was continuously promoted. Between 1925 and 1927, it occupied various stations with the ministry for the armies. It is promoted colonel on October 1st, 1932 and was between 1933 and 1935 military attach3e in the embassies of Prague, Belgrade and Bucharest. July 1st, 1935, it is named by the general of state major of Gruppenkommando 3 based with Dresden brigadier general. At the time of the countryside of Poland, he was the general commander of XXIe army corps and became major general thereafter. The occupation of the Norway and the Denmark (operation Weserübung, on April 9th, 1940) will proceed under its command. It is named lieutenant-general of army on July 19th, 1940.
From 1942, he is military governor (Wehrmachtbefehlhaber) in Norway and this until December 18th, 1942, date on which he is resigned following his opposition to the policy of the police chief of Reich Joseph Terboven.
He was condemned to died by a British military tribunal to have taken measurements of an extraordinary hardness with regard to prisoners. He made, for example, to condemn to dead and to carry out for espionage 10 Norwegian (Sigurd Jakobsen, Gunnar Hellesen, Helge Børseth, Sigmund Brommeland, Peter Andree Hjelmervik, Siegmund Rasmussen, Gunnar Carlsen, Knud Gjerstad, Christian Oftedahl and Frithiof Lund). In the same way it made shoot British prisoners of war. Its sorrow was commuted to a 20 years of prison sorrow, it was released on July 13rd, 1953 for health reason. His/her daughter was married with Erich Dethleffsen.
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