Nicolas Leblanc , born with Ivoy-the-Pre (Expensive) the December 6th 1742 and died in Saint-Denis (Seine-Saint-Denis) the January 16th 1806, is a French, known chemist to have developed the Procédé Leblanc making it possible to obtain Sodium carbonate starting from sea water.
After studies of surgery, it becomes in 1780 doctor with the service of the duke of Orleans, which subsidizes its research aiming at obtaining soda starting from sea salt. In 1789, it obtains Sodium carbonate. In 1791, it assembles to Saint-Denis an artificial soda factory. But the death of the duke of Orleans on the scaffold in 1793 mark the closing of the factory and ruin of Leblanc. It commits suicide in 1806.
The Procédé Leblanc was used until in the Années 1870, then supplanted by the Procédé Solvay.
Nicolas Leblanc is the father of César-Nicolas-Louis Leblanc (1787-1835), professor of drawing to the Conservatoire of Arts and trades and draftsman of machines.
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