Nicolas Eymeric (or Emeric, or Eymmerich), theologist and Spanish inquisitor, born in Gerone about 1320 when he died on January 4th, 1399.
Entered very young person at the Dominican , it took the dress in 1334, and was quickly acquired a reputation of experienced theologist. He was named general inquisitor of Aragon by Innocent VI in 1357. He continued with such a rigor the heretics of Aragon which he caused critical and oppositions, and was suspended of this office since 1360. He however found his station after a few years. Between 1376 and 1378, it made a long stay at the court of the Pope, in Avignon, where it published his famous Directorium Inquisitorum , then in Rome. Its functions of large inquisitor led it to make later on frequent stays in Avignon. He was banished by Jean Ier after his accession with the throne of Aragon (1387), for the positions which he had taken in the fight against the heresies. He could regain his monastery of Gerone only in 1397, where he died shortly after. Its epitaph which carries “ praedicator veridicus, inquisitor intrepidus, doctor egregius ” translates its work rather well: preacher of the truth, doctor of first order (but) intrepid inquisitor.
Eymeric wrote several theology and devotional books. Its most famous work is the Directoire of the inquisiteurs ( Directorium Inquisitorum ), adapted by Francisco Peña in 1578 and partially published in French under the title of Manuel of the inquisitor, handbook legal in which he explains the origin, the rights and the processes of the Inquisition.
It is known to have first justified that could be circumvented the papal prohibition of the bubble AD exstirpendam , which prohibited to manage more once Question, by justifying that the interrogation could be begun again so new counts of indictment were met.
- it: Eymerich seen by Valerio Evangelisti and Louis Sala-Molins
- in: Article " Nicolas Eymeric" on NewAdvent
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