This article refers to the island of Newfoundland. For the province or the old colony, to see Ground-New-and-Labrador.
See also: Newfoundland (homonymy)
Newfoundland (in English Newfoundland ) is large a island off the coast Atlantique of the North America. It belongs to the Canadian province of Ground-New-and-Labrador; the capital of the province, St-John' S, is on the end is island, the Eastern place of the North America.
The island is separated from the territory of the Labrador, other half of the province, by the Détroit of Beautiful Isle; and of the island of Cape-Breton the (Nova Scotia) by the Strait of Pooch. It blocks the mouth of the Fleuve the St. Lawrence towards the sea, thus forming the Golfe of the St. Lawrence, largest Estuaire in the world.
The territory French of Saint-Pierre-and-Miquelon is in the south of the island.
It was the place of the first European contact with the New World, during a forwarding Viking about the year 1000, as well as very first British colony .
GeographyThe coasts of Newfoundland are very irregular and comprise many courses, bays and peninsulas. The most important peninsulas are:
the peninsula of Avalon, where is the capital St-Jean
- the peninsula of Graver, with broad whose are St-Pierre and Miquelon
- the Northern peninsula, located on the coast of the strait of Beautiful-Isle, and at the end of which one finds the archeological site Viking of Handle-with-Meadows the
The coastal areas, particularly is and the North-East of the island, are beaten by the strong winds of the North Atlantic and one finds only one low and very rustic vegetation there. While moving away from the coast, one enters a northern forest made up mainly of Scandinavian conifers and strewn with lakes, marsh and peat bogs. The ground is valloneux and not very favourable with the culture, except in the valleys of some rivers where better grounds and a climate a little more lenient are found.
The west coast of Newfoundland is remarkable by its escarpé ground, its Fjord S, and its lakes surrounded by high cliffs. It is there that one finds the national park of Large Dull, one of the principal tourist sites of Newfoundland.
The southern part is, with some exceptions, inaccessible by the road. It is strewn with small villages of fishing which one can join only by boat. The principal communities of the southern part are Burgeo and Harbor Breton, which is the starting points of the coasting ships ensuring the service road of the private communities of road.
The main roads of Newfoundland are an extension of the Route transcanadienne. Its Western end is with Port-with-Basques and it finishes in St-Jean. Starting from Port-with-Basques, the road goes up towards north, then turns towards the east to skirt the north-eastern coast towards the peninsula of Avalon. The principal localities Newfoundlanders served by the Transcanadienne road are: Port-with-Basques, Stephenville, Corner Brook, Deer Lake, Large Falls-Windsor, Gander, Clarenville, and St-Jean.
Rocky Harbor, Port With the Choice, St Anthony, Pasadena NF, Springdale, Bishop' S Falls, St Alban' S, Large Bank, Marystown, Bonavista, Bay Roberts, Fortune NF, Placentia (in the past Pleasure ), Design Bay South, Mount Pearl, Portugal Cove
CultureThe vast majority of the Newfoundlanders speaks English. One finds in Newfoundland a population largely of Irish and English descent. A social and political division important existed formerly between catholics and Protestants, but that is not generally any more the case today. On the west coast, in the area of Stephenville, one still finds rare small island S of French language, spoken by the descendants about fishing S French which had settled there. See French Newfoundlander.
Newfoundland has a folk rich person tradition in whom the music finds a place important. The music traditional Newfoundlander has a sonority which is clean for him, in which brings out the Irish Celtic heritage clearly. The insular culture Newfoundlander is strongly distinguished from that of the remainder of Canada and, with a a little less degree, from that of Labrador.
There exists in Newfoundland some agglomerations of Indians Micmacs, dating according to European colonization. Most important is the reserve of Conne To rivet in the south of the island. The original indigenous population of Newfoundland, the Béothuks, at the beginning very few, is extinct in 1829, for a whole of reasons of which several have to see with European colonization.
FaunaInsular fauna is rather typical Scandinavian areas of North America, but note in the passing the population of dashes of America (also called mooses ) which was introduced as source of food but developed in an almost uncontrolled way in the absence of predator other than the man.
Simple: Newfoundland Zh-min-nan: Newfoundland
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