In the Greek Mythology, Nestor (in Greek old Νέστωρ / Nestor ) is youngest of wire of Nélée and Chloris, king of Pylos. He is the only survivor after the massacre by Héraclès of all his brothers. Two traditions differ to explain why he survived the sad destiny of his phratry: either that it was high with Gérénia, in Messénie, far from his/her brothers, or that only refused to him to take part in the robbery attempt of the Bœufs of Géryon, painfully escorted by Héraclès, perpetrated by Nélée and its eleven others wire. In exchange the hero would have saved his life to him and makes of Nestor king de Messénie.
Apollon grants food to him more than three generation because having killed his uncles (and aunts) maternal, the Niobides, God grants to him, to repurchase itself of this murder, the number of years of which it had deprived his parentèle.
Become king it very often fights the Pyliens and the Épéiens, culprits of raids wild on his kingdom. It misses little massacring the Molionides which are saved only by the intervention of Poséidon. It is with him that one grants the death of the giant Éreuthalion, killed in singular combat. Its name is also evoked among the participants in hunting for the Sanglier of Calydon, in the combat of the Lapithes against the Centaure S and sometimes even in the forwarding of the Argonautes.
It is oldest and wisest of the heroes of the Trojan War. Its councils are listened with respect by all. In Iliade and the Odyssey it is the type even of the still valiant old man on the battle field but especially listened for its experiment and its councils. It is with him that Ménélas request council after the removal of Helene, and Nestor accompanies it as a whole by the Greece to bring together the various heroes who will take part in the conflict. Itself takes part in the war with a quota of 90 ships. He also endeavors to bring back the harmony between Achille and Agamemnon at the time of the argument between the two men.
He passes, according to the authors, for the husband of Anaxibie or Eurydice. He has several wire - Antiloque, Thrasymédès, Stratichos, Persée, Arétos, Échéphron and Pisitratos -, of which the two first take part in its sides with the Trojan War. He has also two girls, Pisidicé and Polycaste. According to posterior versions with the Iliade , his/her son Antiloque, the best friend of Achilles after Patrocle, saves the life to him by sacrificing his against Memnon.
Nestor is one of rare the Greek knowing a return of the war without history. In Iliade , it is often indicated with the epithet of “old leader of tank”, and in the Odyssey , the son of Ulysses, Télémaque, visits him to take council.
(I, 8,3; I, 9,9).
- ( passim ), (III, 157 and suiv.).
- (VIII, 313; XII, 169; XIII, 63-64).
- (III, 516).
- (VIII, 3,1; VIII, 13,19).
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