It was in the past called Laodicée (in Greek: Λαοδικεια; in Arab: Ladhiqiyya ), also translitéré Laodiceia and Laodikeia , Laodicée in Médie , Laodicée in Persia , Antioche in Persia , Antioche de Chosroes (in Greek: Αντιόχεια του Χοσρόη), Antioche in Médie (in Greek: Αντιόχεια της Μηδίας), Nemavand and Niphaunda .
The inhabitants of Nahavand are in majority Kurdish.
The city was founded by Séleucos Ier in Médie at the same time as the two other cities Héllenistique S of Apamée and Héraclée (Strabon xi. p. 524; Etienne de Byzance " Laodikeia"). Pline Old the (VI. 29) describes it as being in extreme cases of Médie, and which it (Re) was founded by Antiochos Ier.
It is on the site of the Bataille of Nahavand in 642 that was completed the Islamic Conquête of Persia.
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