Nagoya (名古屋市; - shi) is the larger fourth and the more prosperous third of the cities of the Japan. Located on the Peaceful coast in the area of the Chūbu, in the center of Honshū, it is the capital of the Préfecture of Aichi. And the Pachinko, born in Nagoya, has its museum there.
The agglomeration of Nagoya, which counts between 8 and 9 million inhabitants, is the third of the country.
The city was founded on October 1st 1889. Heavily bombarded at the time of the Second world war, the essence of the city dates from the recent rebuilding; it is organized according to an orthogonal squared plan. Its center trading is articulated mainly around the avenues Ōtsu-dōri (大津通り) and Hisaya-dōri (久屋通り) directed North-South and of the avenues Hirokoji-dōri (広小路通り) and Nishiki-dōri (錦通り) directed East-West.
The city is made up of the sixteen districts ( ku ) following:
Its principal industry is that of the motor vehicles; the head office and several factories of the group Toyota, first company of Japan and first world car manufacturer in 2007, are established near the city. Electronics, aeronautics and heavy industries (refining, iron and steel industry) are also very present in the area.
Nagoya was served by the Aéroport of Nagoya (international airport of Komaki) until February 2005. This airport was replaced by the International airport of Chubu, with same the Code ICAO NGO ; the construction of this new aéoport, on an artificial island, coincides with the organization of the Expo 2005, a World Fair which was inaugurated with Nagakute (長久手).
The station of Nagoya (called 名古屋駅 Nagoya-eki or more often 名駅 Mei-eki ) is in surface on the ground the largest station of the world. With the top rises two large towers. A line of Shinkansen stops there. It is located at the west of the center, in the axis of the avenue Sakura-dōri (桜通り).
Nagoya is served by five underground lines, of which a circular line (meijo).
The highway network and highway is dense, and continues to develop, in and around Nagoya. The port of Nagoya is an important industrial port, because in particular of exports of Toyota.
Nagoya has a castle which, destroys during the Second world war, was rebuilt with identical in 1959. The interior was arranged in museum. The castle as well as the Meijō park are located at the north of the center, close to the town hall. The area is also known for its porcelains, produced not far from Nagoya, where Noritake has a museum. One finds there other museums, of which the museum of the town of Nagoya, and the museum of the prefecture of Aichi. The shopping malls Mitsukoshi, with Sakae and Matsuzakaya, the station of Nagoya, shelter regularly various cultural exposures.
The Castle of Nagoya, although being a rebuilding dating according to the war, is the most tourist place of the city. The Aquarium of Nagoya and the Italian village of Nagoya, close to the port, also attract many tourists.
The town of Nagoya counts 4 universities:
Nagoya Daigaku (a.k.a. Meidai)
- Nanzan University
- Chukyo University off Business
- Kinjo Gakuin University.
One finds in Nagoya certain numbers of infrastructures intended for the sport. Most important is in Higashi ku. It is about the Dôme of Nagoya, stage of 45000 places where the Chunichi Dragons play, the local team of baseball, champion of her league on several occasions. The stage Mizuho, more modest, is in particular the starting point and of arrival of the semi annual marathon of the city.
- Official site of Nagoya
- International Center of Nagoya
- Nagoya on Wikitravel
- Article of the '' Monde ''
- Photographs of Nagoya, of the suburbs in its center town
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