Munich ( German München in ) is the larger third Ville of Germany after Berlin and Hamburg (1 336.983 inhabitants in May 2007; agglomeration 2,7 million). Munich is the capital of the Land of Bavaria and of the district of High-Bavaria, and ranges between 482 and 579 meters of altitude. Munich is crossed by the Isar on a distance of 13,7 km, South-west in the North-East. Important economic pole, seat of large companies of which EADS, Siemens, Allianz, BMW, HypoVereinsbank and Münchener Rückversicherung.
FoundationIn 1156 Henri the Lion (Heinrich der Löwe), duke of Saxony, receives Barberousse the duchy of Bavaria.
To recover the tax on the salt of the mines of Bad Reichenhall, perceived until there by the évèque one of Freising, it voluntarily sets fire to the bridge of évêché existing in Unterföhring, bridge located at north, and builds a bridge upstream on the level of the island on Isar in the place of current Ludwigsbrücke, “zu den Munichen” because near to a monastery Benedictine established since the VIII° century. A village which takes the name of München is founded around the bridge and Henrich gives him the right of coinage and to hold gone. One speaks for the first time about Munich in 1158 as a Villa Munichen (the name Munich, München in German comes from the monks Mönchen ). With the bridge, and thus with the market of salt, Munich seizes the right of the currency and customs. In 1180, Otton de Wittelsbach becomes duke of Bavaria and founds a dynasty which will reign on the area until 1918. At the 13th century, Munich receives a communal charter and fortifications. In 1255, the duchy of Bavaria is separate in two parts and Munich becomes the capital of High-Bavaria.
In 1327, the city is destroyed by a fire and the emperor Louis IV makes it rebuild rather quickly. Although Munich becomes town of residence of the Emperor in 1328, the growth of Munich in a big city was done only 450 years later.
In 1632, during the War Thirty Year old, the city falls to the hands from Gustave II Adolphe from Sweden. And in 1634 the plague makes him lose two thirds of its population. Between 1651 and 1679, under the reign of the voter Ferdinand Marie and thanks to his wife Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, Munich grows rich by monuments of style Italian baroque (Theatinerkirche, castle of Nymphenbourg…) In 1705 the city turns over under the patronage of the Habsbourg S. the Bavarian academy of sciences is created in 1759.
Capital Munich of Bavaria
Towards the end of the 18th century Munich grows quickly. This growth was accelerated in 1806 when she was declared capital kingdom of Bavaria Napoleonean. Populated into 1700 of 24.000 inhabitants, the number of inhabitants doubles soon every 30 years, thus in 1870 170.000 people lived to Munich and 840.000 in 1933.
Under the reign of Louis Ier of Bavaria king de Bavière (1825 - 1848), Munich became moreover one famous town of art. The majority of the buildings of the city date from the 19th century, in particular of the reign of Maximilien II: the traditional architects Leo von Klenze and Friedrich von Gärtner built the Ludwigstraße, Königsplatz, the Ruhmeshalle and the Residence.
Under the prince regent Luitpold (1886 - 1912) Munich experienced an important cultural development and artistic with, in particular, the construction of Prinzregentenstraße and Prinzregententheater. Schwabing became with the turning of the century the district of the artists, accommodating a great number of writers and famous painters. In 1896 the cultural newspaper of Munich Jugend ( youth ) appeared for the first time.
After the First World War, Munich crossed one tormented revolutionary period, following the fall of monarchy on November 7th 1918. February 21st 1919, the social democrat minister-president Kurt Eisner was assassinated, and on April 7th, the revolutionary councils of the city proclaimed the République of the Councils of Munich ( Münchner Räterepublik ) which finally was crushed in blood on May 2nd 1919. In the following years, Munich became the city of the movement of Hitler. In 1923, Adolf Hitler and its companions tried a coup d'etat (Putsch of the brewery). They failed and the leader was imprisoned. The Nazis built several buildings in the city between 1933 and 1945. The March 20th 1933, the first permanent Concentration camp of Germany was opened by Himmler with Dachau, in the suburbs of Munich. In 1938, the Accords of Munich were signed between Hitler, Mussolini, Chamberlain and Daladier. They gave the Sudètes to the leader Nazi. In 1939, Johann Georg Elser in vain tried to assassinate Hitler with a bomb.
During the Second world war, a group of students of Munich founded the white Rose ( Die Weiße Pink ), one of most famous the movement of German resistance to the Nazism. Like the majority of the German big cities, sudden Munich of important destruction due to the massive bombardments of the Allied , but it was rebuilt during the American occupation.
After the rebuilding, Munich developed like place high-tech (MBB). Moreover, a great number of service companies settled there, such as companies of media, insurances and banks. The museums (for example the Alte Pinakothek , the Neue Pinakothek and the Modern Pinakothek DER , the Glyptothèque, the Deutsches Museum ) also knew an renewed interest.
Munich accommodated the Olympic Games of summer of 1972, during which Palestinian terrorists assassinated Israeli athletes (see the article Massacre of Munich). The September 5th, the terrorists killed two Israelis and took nine others as hostages of them. The assessment was heavy, all the hostages were killed, just as five of the eight terrorists as well as a police officer. The plays were stopped during one day and certain athletes decided to leave the competition. The film Munich realized in 2005 by Steven Spielberg takes as a starting point this event. It is as at the time of these plays as the city was equipped with its first underground line.
Munich is one of the German cities vastest in surface. Its highest altitude is Warnberg with 579 m above the sea level, its altitude lowest is 482 m above the sea level with Feldmoching.
The Isar crosses the city of south-west to the North-East on a distance of 13,7 km. The island on the river most known is the island of the museum, on which the Deutsches Museum is. In the neighborhoods of Munich are a great number of lakes, for example Tegernsee, the Ammersee, Wörthsee or the Starnberger See. The other rivers are the Würm, which run Starnberger See and cross the west of the city, the Hachinger Bach, the Eisbach, the Auer Mühlbach and the Brunnbach. The brooks of the city are for the majority in the vicinity of Isar, others also run in the downtown area, the brooks in the center are for the majority undergrounds (in drains) of others were drained at the time of the construction of the network of subway (U-Bahn) and of the metropolitan railway (S-Bahn). The lakes inside the city are the Kleinhesseloher See in the Englischer Garten (literally English garden ), the lake on the Olympic site and Feldmochinger See, Lerchenauer See and Fasanerie See, in the north of the city.
ExpansionThe entire surface of the City of Munich east of 31.041 ha; what makes of Munich, after Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne, Dresden and Bremen the sixth vastest city of Germany. On the 310 square Kilometers, 44% consist of buildings and of the free faces there contiguous, 16,9% are surfaces of countryside, 14,7% of surfaces of recovery, 4,4% of timbered surfaces, 1,2% of water surfaces and 2,2% of surfaces for other uses. The longest distance from the city goes from north towards the south on 20,9 km and from the east towards the west on 26,8 km…
Sectors and close municipalities
See also: List of the sectors of Munich
With the reorganization of the city in 1992, the number of sectors (called Stadtbezirke ) of the city was tiny room from 41 to 25.
The following communes are contiguous to the city (quoted in the anti-trigonometrical order while starting with north): Oberschleißheim, Garching, Ismaning, Unterföhring, Aschheim, Feldkirchen, Haar, Putzbrunn, Neubiberg, Unterhaching, Perlacher Forst, Oberhaching, Grünwald, Pullach, Forstenrieder Park, Neuried, Planegg, Taufkirchen and Gräfelfing (all the Landkreis of Munich), Germering, Puchheim and Gröbenzell (of Landkreis of Fürstenfeldbruck) and Karlsfeld (Landkreis of Dachau).
ClimateThe town of Munich is in a zone of transition between the Climat the wet Atlantic and the continental dry climate. Other factors influencing the climate are the the Alps and the the Danube. Because of this constellation, time is relatively changing. The Foehn brings south in a nonregular way of the hot air and dryness towards Munich. Thus there is a very good visibility - in particular, celebrates it Bavarian blue sky - and one can see the Bavarian Alps very clearly. The highest temperature measured by the German weather service is of 37,2°C in July 1983 in Munich Nymphenburg. Munich also is very often struck by storms (the storm of the July 12th 1984 because of the evaluated damage with 1,5 billion Euro S). Because of the proximity of the Alps, Munich is also the most snow-covered big city of Germany. A study on the weather statistics showed that the southernmost part of the city is sunniest. The northern part has more clouds. The Western sector is drier than the part is. This is a consequence of the differences in altitude inside the city, which causes a Microclimat as well as a separation of Western the East city/by Isar.
PopulationMunich has in May 2007 1.336.983 inhabitants, the Inhabitants of Munich. The number of unemployed is of 82.000 (with semi-2005). The percentage from abroad is of 23,3% (300 129 in absolute value with the December 31st 2005), among which 43.309 Turks, 24.866 Croats, 24.439 Serb, 22.486 Greeks, 21.411 Austrians and 20.847 Italians.
PolicyAs a capital of Land, Munich is the seat of the Landtag (Parliament of the Land) of Bavaria and of the government of the state of Bavaria. Moreover, Munich is the seat of the government of High-Bavaria ( Oberbayern ), of the sector of High-Bavaria and Landkreis of Munich.
Traditionally, the parties of center-left dominate the political life of Munich, which is rather rare in Bavaria. Thus the district of Northern Munich was the only one of Bavaria to elect in direct mandate a deputy SPD ( Sozialdemokratische Partei : Social democrat party) with the legislative elections of 2002 and 2005. Since 1993, the city is directed by the mayor ( Oberbürgermeister ) social democrat Christian Ude. Since, the municipal council of Munich is directed by a coalition between the SPD, Bündnis 90/Die Grünen ( the greens ) and Rosa Liste ( list of the pink ).
DistrictsThe town of Munich is divided into 25 districts whose population elects for each one a Parliament. These Parliaments of districts are in charge of the local tasks.
The last elections took place in 2002, at the same time as the communal elections. The social democrats of the SPD occupy the presidency of sixteen of these districts, against only eight for the Christian-Democrats of the CSU and for Rosa Liste.
The 649 seats of these 25 Parliaments of districts divide as follows: 285 social democrats, 262 Christian-Democrats, 77 Greens, 19 liberals, 3 members of Rosa Lists and 3 representatives of other parties.
The blazon of the town of Munich shows on money bottom a monk out of black dress on gilded board and shoes red holding a book in its left hand and lending oath of the right hand. The colors of the city are the black and the yellow. The current blazon is consisted of the “small amoiries” voted in 1957 by the municipal council. But there exist also the “large armorial bearings” which show a door of the flanked red city of two red turns whose roofs black and gold have bands in zigzag; an issuant and crowned gold lion overhangs the monk of the small armorial bearings. In the administration, the large armorial bearings are not used any more. The monk of the armorial bearings transformed himself with the wire of time into a “child of Munich” ( Münchner Kindl ), become the symbol of the city - and of which nobody can say with certainty if it is of a boy or a girl…
TwinningsThe town of Munich is twinned with:
- , cold between 1999 and April 2002 because of attacks to the Human rights of the government of Zimbabwe
An establishment of secondary education bears the name of Max-Planck-Gymnasium .
Culture and tourism
" Munich is coiled between art and beer like a village between two hills " Heinrich Heine wrote more 150 years ago - a quotation which is today still of setting. Between the Beer festival and operated it, the Hofbräuhaus and the Pinacothèque, BMW and FC Bayern München, Munich is extremely well intended to reconcile Bavarian tradition and frantic activities. Munich is an idyllic city enracinée in the South of Germany and is known internationally for its collections of old and traditional art. Thus the Alte Pinakothek, the Neue Pinakothek, the Modern Pinakothek DER, and the Lenbachhaus belong to the most famous museums of the world. The Deutsches Museum devoted to sciences and technology is with more than one million visitors per annum, one of the most visited museums Europe. The Glyptothèque and the Staatliche Antikensammlungen shelter collections of prestigious antiquities. But of other museums also form part of the most known museums of Germany, such as Völkerkundemuseum ( museum of ethnology ), the Paläontologisches Museum (which present the prehistoric collection of the State ) or the Münchner Stadtmuseum (municipal museum). There is also in the enclosure of the city Bayerische Staatsoper ( Opéra of State of Bavaria ), the Bayerische Staatsschauspiel ( Théâtre of the State of Bavaria ) which has its principal scene in the old theater of the Residence.
The most known demonstrations are the festival of the opera and the festival of film. Famous Oktoberfest, more known in France under the name of Beer festival, is the largest open fair and popular holiday of this style and is visited by tourists of the whole world. This festival is also called Wiesn by the Inhabitants of Munich owing to the fact that it takes place on Theresienwiese ( Pré of Therese ); she was in the beginning organized in remembering the popular holiday which took place for the marriage of the princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen with Louis Ier of Bavaria.
Munich organizes with its binocular Cincinnati an exchange of artists and exposures in the two cities (see external bonds).
StructureThe Marienplatz is the central point of Munich and is surrounded of Altes Rathaus ( old town hall ), and of Neues Rathaus ( new town hall ), in the middle of the old city. The emblématique building of the city is the cathedral Frauenkirche ( church Notre-Dame ) out of red brick with its two recognizable turns with their onion roof. Many tourist places are in the neighborhoods such as for example the palate of the Residence, the brewery Hofbräuhaus and the " market with the victuailles" Viktualienmarkt.
In the south of the Residence, in front of the opera, Maximilianstraße starts built at the XIXe century as an avenue intended for the military parades. It carries out old city towards the east over Isar in the direction of the Maximilianeum, the seat of the Bavarian Parliament. Today, it is a place of luxurious trade.
In the north of the center town, directly in front of the palate of the Résidence is Odeonsplatz ( place of Odéon ) with the Feldherrnhalle and the church Theatinerkirche which is of a style Baroque (inside Rococo). From there towards north, the second larger avenue of Munich, the Ludwigstrasse continued by the Leopoldstrasse, leads to Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität ( Université Louis-Maximilien ) and to the triumphal arch Siegestor ( carries victory ) through Schwabing, the district of the students and the artists.
In the neighborhoods of Deutsches Museum, is in the district “In” Müllersches Volksbad ( popular Bain of Müller ) which opened in 1901 after 4 years of work, it acts of the public baths oldest of Munich (style Art nouveau).
Further away from the center town towards the west, the castle of Nymphenburg is, which with its architecture and its single park was used as Residence of summer with the royal family of the Wittelsbach. In the park of the castle, the botanical garden is. Behind the enclosing walls of the castle the castle of Blutenburg of a Gothic style post- is.
In the north of the city is the Olympic field built for the Olympic Games of summer of 1972. The architectural and tourist whole made up of the stage, the swimming pool and the Olympic gymnasium is famous in the whole world for its shapes in roofs of tent. Here also Olympiaturm ( Olympic turn ) is, radio and television, a 291 meters height transmitter. It opened in 1968, and comprises a restaurant which rotates to 101 meters height. The Olympic field includes/understands also Olympiaberg (the Olympic mountain ), artificial hill built with engraved bombardments of the Second world war.
There are in Munich approximately 1200 fountains of which 700 are municipal. Oldest of them is Fischbrunnen ( fountain with the fish ) on Marienplatz. Another important fountain is Wittelsbacher Brunnen ( fountain of Wittelsbach ) on Lenbachplatz, due to the artist Adolf von Hildebrand.
a district of Munich (Haidhausen) is called in also “Franzosenviertel” ( district of the French ) not because its first inhabitants were of French origin but because the names of the streets commemorate battles of the Guerre of 1870: Gravelotte straße, Bazeilles straße, Belfort straße, Lothringerstraße, Weißenburgerstraße and Weißenburgerplatz, Sedan straße, Breisacherstraße, Metz straße, Elsässerstraße like Orleansstraße, Pariserstraße and Pariserplatz.
Known in the whole world, the Englischer Garten ( English garden ) stretches center of Munich towards the northern limit of the city, with a surface of 3,7 km ², it is a little wider than Central Park with New York. One can also quote Olympiapark ( Olympic park ) on the Olympic site which offers a unspoilable view on the city and its surroundings top of Olympiaberg. There exists moreover a big number of parks such as Westpark and Ostpark (artificial hills created with spoil of the subway, ski touring in winter), the park of the castle of Nymphenburg, which make of Munich an extremely green city in summer and make it possible to go for long walks in winter.
North in the south of the city, have can be trotted with foot or with bicycle on the banks of Isar while remaining all the time in a green environment the banks of Isar between the Deutsches Museum and the island of Isar Flaucher are places priviliégiés for grills or the bathe (also naturism).
For Bundesgartenschau 2005 (living room of gardening), a new park was arranged in the east of Munich, Riemer Park, on the site of the old airport.
Orchestras and choral societiesTwo principal orchestras of Munich, universally known:
- Münchner Philharmoniker ( Philharmonic orchestra of Munich )
- Symphonieorchester of Bayerischen Rundfunks ( Symphony orchestra of Bavarian Broadcasting )
- Bayerisches Staatsorchester ( Orchestra of Bavarian State )
- Philharmonischer Chor München ( philharmonic Choral society of Munich )
- Münchner Symphoniker ( Symphony orchestra of Munich )
- Münchner Rundfunkorchester ( Orchestra of the radio of Munich )
- Chor of Bayerischen Rundfunks ( Choral society of the Bavarian radio )
- Capella Antiqua
- Münchener Bach-Chor ( Choral society of Bach of Munich )
- Münchener Kammerorchester ( Chamber orchestra of Munich )
- Bayerische Kammerphilharmonie ( Philharmonic of room of Bavaria )
- Sinfonietta München ( Orchestra of the University )
- Abaco-Orchester ( Orchestra of the University )
- Jugend Symphony Orchester München ( Symphony orchestra of the youth of Munich )
- Akademisches Symphonieorchester München ( academic Symphony orchestra of Munich )
- Glyptothek : remarkable collection of statues and Greek and Latin sculptures
- Alte Pinakothek: one of the most important collections of paintings of the world, in particular of the schools Italian, Flemish and Dutch (of 13th at the 18th century).
- Neue Pinakothek : founded by Louis Ier in 1846 for the collections of the end of 18th until the 19th century
- Modern Pinakothek DER: museum of contemporary art (Dali, Picasso, Warhol…), also an exposure shelters on the design. There are many temporary exhibitions. Structure of the remarkable museum.
- Haus der Kunst which shelter the modern art gallery resulting from Neue Pinakotek and accommodate many exposures
- the Deutsches Museum, museum of sciences and technique
Demonstrations and events
- February/March: various demonstrations during Starkbierzeit ( period of strong beer ) for example with Nockherberg
- April: Frühlingsfest ( festival of spring ) on Theresienwiese
- April/May: Auer Dult (Maidult)
- May-August: Münchner Bladenight the greatest excursion in roller the evening of Europe
- May/June: StuStaCulum the greatest festival of theater and music of Germany, organized by the students
- June: Streetlife-festival
- June/July: Tollwood-festival
- July: Christopher Street Day (equivalent of the Gay Pride)
- July: Feierwerk-festival
- July: Auer Dult (Jakobidult)
- July: musical summer Bell' Arte Musikalischer in Brunnenhof ( course of the fountain ) with the palate of the residence
- August: summer with the Olympic park
- September celebrates: Streetlife-festival
- Of mid-September at first Sunday of October: Oktoberfest (Beer festival) in Theresienwiese ( Wiesn )
- September/October: Auer Dult (Kirchweihdult)
- November/December: SPIELART - The festival of the theater of Munich
- November/January: Tollwood
- December: Christkindlmärkte (gone of Christmas)
- Auszogne (molten pastes)
- Weißwurst (celebrates white sausage, to eat before “midday sounds”)
- Leberkäse (literally “cheese of liver”, but contains neither cheese nor liver)
- Brezn (Brezzel)
- Différentes kinds of beers
- Obazda (a salted mixture of soft white cheese, butter and Camembert cheese, spices pepper and of paprika and accompanied by salted sticks)
Kugelhopf (cake with the dry grapes)
Apfelstrudel (cake lined with apples, been used hot with whipped cream and a ball as vanilla ice)
Schweinshaxe (bulge and knees of roasted pig)
According to a comparative study (of the WirtschaftsWoche newspaper, the Initiative Neue Soziale Marktwirtschaft and Kölner IW Consult GMBH) Munich is among the 50 plus German big cities that with the highest economic force and the quality of the life.
TransportThe Franz-Josef-Strauß airport of Munich () open in 1992 to Erdinger Moos (international code: Million u.a. (code IATA) EDDM (code ICAO)), is located at 29 km apart from the city. With 26,8 million passengers in 2004 it is the second larger airport of Germany and the eighth of Europe. Because of the number increasingly higher of passengers, a second terminal was built and opened in 2003. The free State of Bavaria decided to connect the center of Munich to the airport by Transrapid (monorail train using the magnetic levitation); this decision was initially refused by the municipal majority before being finally accepted at a parliamentary session of October 24th, 2006, where Dr. Karl-Friedrich Rausch admitted that no other solution that Transrapid was not valid to connect the center of Munich to the airport. Such a connection is supposed to racourcir run time to the airport at 9 minutes.
Munich is also well connected to the international rail network (Die Bahn). Of Hauptbahnhof ( main station ) the lines of trains lead in all the directions: lines ICE ( Inter City Express train ) 11 Berlin-Frankfurt-Munich-Innsbruck and 25 Hamburg-Nuremberg-Munich-Garmisch-Partenkirchen; more moved away, start here the lines 28 Augsburg-Nuremberg-Berlin, 41 Ingolstadt-Nuremberg-Frankfurt and 42 Stuttgart-Frankfurt-Cologne-Dortmund. There exist also two other important stations that are the station of Munich-Pasing and Ostbahnhof ( station of the east ). All these stations are connected to the networks of U and S-bahn.
On the level of public transport, the company S-Bahn München (subsidiary of the Deutsche Bahn) exploits 10 lines of S-Bahn (equivalent of the Parisian RER) and the MVG (Shipping company of Munich) 8 underground lines ( U-Bahn ), 12 tram lines ( Straßenbahn ) and a big number of lines of bus. Other lines of bus are managed by private companies. All the owners lead under the unified tariffs of the MVV ( Fédération of transport of Munich ). The network of subway of Munich east with 85,6 km the longer third of Germany (the underground grid of 77,4 km is the longer second) and is used each day by 900.000 people. The trains of S-bahn are produced by Alstom. The trains of U-bahn are older, but are currently in the course of restoration.
For individual transport, cycle tracks exist in all the city and of many taxis circulate. Fast tracks make it tower of the city, and are currently in work for some, in order to make them underground.
Seats of companies
Industry of Munich is related to tourism, the construction of vehicles and machines, electronics and software industry. Munich is also an important money market and the seat of large insurance companies of Germany. The city is an important place for the biotechnology, concentrated primarily in the common neighbor of Planegg. She is also important as a city of the media. Munich is the 2nd city in the world after New York which counts the most companies of edition. The industry of film and television are also strongly represented (studios of television to Unterföhring and cinema with Geiselgasteig). Munich also accommodates important trade fairs on the site of the old airport of Riem.
A big number of large companies have their seat in Munich. In particular, after the Second world war, much of companies moved of Berlin or East Germany towards Munich.
MediaMunich is the seat of Bayerischer Rundfunk ( radio Bavarian ). Moreover, it is in Munich a big number of televisions and private radios.
With 250 companies editors which have their seat there, Munich is one of the most important places of the clipboard (for example Burda Verlag with Focus, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, Langenscheidt Verlag, Süddeutscher Verlag). Beside the book publishers and of press, one can also quote the daily newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ), Münchner Merkur, Abendzeitung (AZ), Tageszeitung (TZ), the free magazine of the city In-München and the online magazines munichx.de and Munich-online.de.
The German school of journalism form in Munich of the journalists for all the media.
In Geiselgasteig and Unterföhring, there are also many companies of the industry of film and television (for example Bavaria Filmstudios, FIRST, ProSiebenSat.1, RTL2).
Institutions and public service
The federal authorities, public services and following institutions have their seat in Munich:
s.t.o.l E. V.
- Börse München
- Bayerischer Oberster Rechnungshof
- Bayerischer Rundfunk
- Bundespatentgericht ( federal court of the patents )
- Obvious Deutsches und Markenamt ( German office of the patents )
- Erzbistum München und Freising
- Europäisches Patentamt (the European Patent Office)
- Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche in Bayern ( church évangélique-Lutheran of Bavaria )
- FC Bayern München e.V
- Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung DER angewandten Forschung E. V.
- Goethe-Institute Inter Nationes E. V.
- Hauptzollamt München ( principal customs of Munich )
- Institute für Ostrecht München E. V.
- Institute für Städtebau und Wohnungswesen
- Oberfinanzdirektion of Bundes ( higher direction of finances federal )
- Prüfungsamt of Bundes München
- orthodoxe Diocese Russian
- Sanitätsamt der Bundeswehr ( department of health of the army )
- Verein für Sozialarbeit E. V. ( association for social work )
- Verwaltungsamt für innere Restitutionen München
- Zollfahndungsamt München
The administration of the capital of Munich Land has itself 11 services (service of construction, health and environment, work and the economy, for the city planning, communal, of administration, of the culture, personnel and of organization, the school and the worship, social and the communal room).
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