The volcano of mud is a geological formation. The largest mud volcanos are 10 km in diameter and reach 700 meters height.
These volcanos are the consequence of the expulsion of:
- gas (mainly of methane, but also of carbon dioxide and nitrogen);
- mud containing of often acid or salted water.
The case Sidoarjo
See also: Volcano of mud of Sidoarjo
May 28th 2006, a oil drilling badly carried out by the oil company indonésienne Pt Lapindo Brantas would have caused the appearance of a new mud volcano in Indonesia. In August 2006, it produced daily approximately 50.000 m ³ of mud to 60°C. The quantities increased since to reach 125.000 m ³ in September and 175.000 m ³ in February 2007 causing the displacement forced of more than 13.000 people, 8000 maisons.18 schools, 25 company.
- Bledug Kuwu
- Volcans of mud of Deluded (Romania)
- Volcan with mud of Sidoarjo
- Mare of mud
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