The Mozambique is a African State located on the Eastern coast of the Africa. It is surrounded by the South Africa, the Swaziland, the Zimbabwe, the Zambia, the Malawi and the Tanzania. It is the second country Lusophone by its population (the illiterate ones do not speak Portuguese) and the third by its surface.
See also: History of Mozambique
In 1498 , on arrival of the Portuguese navigator, Vasco de Gama, of many commercial exchanges were already carried out between the Arab inhabitants and tradesmen. Most of the population was already converted with the Islam. The Portuguese installed little time after counters and built forts.
See also: Political of Mozambique
See also: Subdivisions of Mozambique
Mozambique is divided into 11 provinces:
See also: Geography of Mozambique
The country is an immense maritime frontage of the Southern Africa. Field of the savannas cut by rivers coming from the plates of anglophone Africa. The relief is raised more inside. Binga is the culminating point with 2.436 Mr. Assembles. Mozambique is bordering on the Tanzania, of the Malawi, the Zambia, the Zimbabwe, the South Africa and the Swaziland. It lays out of a Littoral of more than 2000 km on the Indian Ocean. The Climat varies the tropical one with subtropical.
See also: Cities of Mozambique
See also: Economy of Mozambique
Mozambique is one of the poorest countries of the world. Half of the population always lives under the Poverty line and 81% of the active population work in the primary sector.
The principal assets of the country are in the sectors of tourism and the mining industry from which the development just comes to start. De facto , economics and politics is with the hands of a very small elite going down from the assmilados , African assimilated by the Portuguese during the colonial time, and especially of the close South Africa.
The international assistance with the development often versed in hard currency (Euro, dollar S) obliges the Mozambican government more or less to buy or sign contracts with Western firms. The international assistance can then be also a profitable investment for the developed countries. The international assistance and investments made it possible the country to make some spectacular progress. The growth of GDP is about of 7% each year.
However, the economy rests primarily on l´agriculture. The Seventies to 90, agriculture was entirely collectivized today it juxtaposes small family farms and large farms belonging at large companies. If the farmers do not manage to satisfy the food needs, the country exports nevertheless Coton, Sucre, Copra without forgetting a strong production of Cashew nut and Crevette S.
The school waste is enormous; the majority of the labor are badly formed. The system of formation indeed carries still the marks of the colonial past with a secondary system and little developed academic. The old African system of formation had not been able to evolve/move because of the draft négrière, Portuguese colonization then occidentalized the elites in a their imposing Portuguese schooling, but just of primary education level. The elites which led the country to l´indépendance could only transmit to the mass education that, they, received. The economy is also struck by the brain drain; indeed, the rare trained academics prefer to emigrate.
However the lack of infrastructure, the corruption and the strong prevalence of the HIV (which dramatically reduced the life expectancy) are brakes with the development, as well as the presence of armed conflicts or civil instabilities at its borders or of the local disorders still remaining in a sporadic way following the long civil war, and of the environmental difficulties with their batches of moved populations continuations at serious floods and periods of intense dryness.
- Population growth: 2,1% per annum
- Prevalence of the VIH/AIDS (15-49 years): 16.2%
- Life expectancy: 46,3 years
- Population of less than 15 years: 44.1%
- Illiteracy: men: 62,3%; women: 31,44%
- primary Rate of schooling: 65%
- secondary Rate of schooling: 8%
- Growth of GDP: approximately 7% per annum
- Servicing the debt (2002): 6% of exports
See also: Demography of Mozambique
The country under-is strongly populated because of the draft, the forced labor during colonization and the recent civil war, and the young population (half have less than 20 years) increases quickly.
See also: Culture of Mozambique
The Gothic cathedral of inspiration of Notre-Dame of the Concession was built in Maputo in 1944 in the shape of cross.
OthersThe word Mozambique indicates also a rhythmic style creates in the Sixties by Pedro Izquierdo, called Pello el Afrokan. It is a music of Carnaval played at origin only by percussions. Eddie Palmieri popularized it for the North-American Salsa by playing it in its units.
- Documents on Mozambique (site of the INA)
Beats-smg: Mozambiks Simple: Mozambique Zh-min-nan: Moçambique
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