See also: Movement
In the Music, the word movement can take on several directions.
TempoIn the Western music, the movement first of all indicates a “movement of Danse”, then, by extension, the degree speed - or Tempo - of an unspecified piece of music.
One will say, for example, that such movement are sharp , slow , peaceful , endiablé , etc
See also: Tempo
Part of musical compositionIn the Classical music, the movement indicates then all section of a musical Forme which comprises some several - continuation, Sonate, Symphonie, etc In this second meaning, one can say that the various movements of a work are delimited in time by a suspension of the musical execution.
- to indicate such or such section of a work of vocal Music, various terms is at the disposal of the type-setter - “part”, “act”, “Aria”, “Récitatif”, “together”, etc - but the word “movement” is very only exceptionally used. In a more precise way, the title of a sung part very often takes again the proper title of the text put in music - when this one has one of them - that is to say, more simply, the beginning of the text in question, in the contrary case.
- With regard to the Instrumental music, the manner of entitling a movement found solutions different, according to the times, the countries, the type-setters.
A movement can be indicated by its tempoAt the periods traditional baroque and , a movement of music is generally affected of only one and single tempo: consequently, the Compositeur S quite naturally took the practice to indicate each movement, either by the official heading of its tempo - allegro , adagio , andante , etc - or, in the case of the Suite of dances for example, by the name of the Danse of destination, this name itself referring implicit of way to the Tempo which characterizes it - for example, the Sarabande is a slow dance , the Gigue a fast dance .
- For example, one will say that such Suite of dances includes/understands five movements, respectively entitled: “German”, “Current”, “Saraband”, “Gavotte” and “Gigue”; or, that such Symphonie includes/understands four of them, respectively entitled: “Allegro”, “Adagio”, “Minuet” and “Presto”, etc
- It will be noted that the practice to indicate a movement by its tempo will be gradually given up by many Compositeur S during the 19th century - without disappearing completely, however.
Other methods to indicate a movementIf the Compositeur often has recourse to the terminology concerning the Tempo or the Danse, to indicate the various movements of a musical work, other processes are also at its disposal to fulfill the same function.
- the title of a movement can return to the type of compositionnelle structure solicited.
- the title of a movement can return to the number of left S destination - process very much used in the opera S, for example.
- the title of a movement can return to the character of sound interpretation.
- the title of a movement can return to a technical characteristic of the instrument of destination.
- the title of a movement finally, can be a purely poetic lucky find, not raising specifically of the technique or the theory musical - this last process was particularly used by many type-setters baroques, French for the majority.
Progression of the musical drawingIn the tonal music and polyhonic in the broad sense of the term - i.e., near total of the Western music, the Middle Ages at our days -, the movement also indicates the progression of musical fabric according to the axis of the height S, as well on the melody level as on the harmonic level.
- the melody Mouvement is the melody interval traversed by same a voice between two successive notes. All the intervals produce a melody movement, except the unison right.
- the harmonic Mouvement is the sum of at least two simultaneous melody movements. The harmonic movement can be oblique, parallel, direct or contrary.
See also: harmonic Movement
Simple: Movement (music)
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