A mountain pasture indicates at the same time:
- a Pasture of Mountain where the herds of Bovine S, Ovine S or Caprin S are brought primarily in be in order to benefit from a Herbe fresh and abundant,
- the period of the year when the herds feed in this pasture.
Into High Tarentaise and Haute Maurienne, one distinguishes the mountain pasture from summer called mountain (2000 to 2500 m of altitude) of that located in lower part (1500 to 1900 m) and called montagnette. During the summer, the grass of the montagnettes is used to constitute part of the reserve of fodder necessary to the food of the livestock locked up for the cattle shed the Hiver. This fodder remained formerly stored in altitude in the country cottages (haylofts) to be gone down with the toboggan in winter. In Tarentaise, this practice of transhumance is called stirs up it.
Since the 20th century, many mountain pastures are exploited in Hiver like fields of Neige by the winter sports resorts.
The Alpe d' Huez in is a famous example.
AlpeThe term alpe indicates neither more nor less the mountain pasture, this term is found in the name of stations, in addition to that of the Alpe d' Huez, of the the Two Alps or of the Alpe of Large Tightens.
The rise of the herds in the mountain pastures bears the name of Transhumance.
Traditions related to the mountain pasture
- mountain pasture in [[Swiss]]
- Engagements of " reines" in Savoy
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