Alexandre Biyidi Awala , Mongo Beti is a writer free Cameroun board. Famous novelist, engaged essay writer, teacher, bookseller and editor, it belongs to African great writers the. (June 30th, 1932 - October 7th, 2001)
BiographyAlexandre Biyidi Awala, Mongo Beti in literature, wire of Awala Oscar and Régine Alomo, is born the June 30th 1932 in Akométam, small village located at 10 km of Mbalmayo, itself distant of 45 km Yaounde, the capital of the Cameroun. Akom , the rock; Etam , the source. Akométam, the rock of the source. On the old charts of the area, the name is still in two parts.
After primary studies at the school missionary of Mbalmayo, it enters in 1945 to the Leclerc college to Yaounde. Graduate in 1951, it settles in France to continue there higher learning of Letters with Aix-en-Provence, then with the Sorbonne with Paris.
He begins his literary career with the news Without hatred and love , published in African the Présence review, directed by Alioune Diop, in 1953. A first novel cruel City , under the pseudonym of Eza Boto follows in 1954, published in African the Présence editions.
But it is in 1956 that the publication of the novel the poor Christ of Bent made scandal by the satirical description which is made world missionary and colonial. Appear then finished Mission, 1957 (Prix Holy-Beuve 1958) and the King miraculé , 1958. He works then for the Preuves review, for which he carries out a report in Africa. He also works as substitute teacher with the college of Rambouillet.
In 1959, it is named professor certified with the college Henri April with Lamballe. It passes the Aggregation of traditional Letters in 1966 and teaches with the college Corneille of Rouen of this date until in 1994.
In 1972 it returns with glare to the writing. Published by François Maspero, his book Control on Cameroun, autopsy of a decolonization is censured with its publication by a decree of the French Minister of Interior Department, Raymond Marcellin, on the request, relayed by Jacques Foccart, of the Cameronian government, represented in Paris by the ambassador Ferdinand Oyono. It publishes in 1974 Perpétue and Remember Ruben . After a long legal procedure, Mongo Beti and its editor François Maspero obtain in 1976 the cancellation of the decree of prohibition of Control .
In 1978 it launches, with his wife Odile Tobner, the bimonthly review Black Peuples African People , which it makes appear until in 1991. This review described and inlassablement denounces the evils brought to the Africa by the modes Néo-coloniaux. For this period appear the novels the ruin almost cocasse of Punchinello (1979), the two mothers of Guillaume Ismaël Dzewatama future truck-driver (1983), the revenge of Guillaume Ismaël Dzewatama (1984), also a Open letter with the Cameronian or second died of Ruben Um Nyobe (1984) and the Dictionnaire of the négritude (1989, with Odile Tobner).
In 1991 Mongo Beti turns over to the Cameroun, after 32 years of exile. It publishes in 1993 France against Africa, return to Cameroun . In 1994 it takes its retirement of professor. It then opens in Yaounde the Bookstore of the black People and organizes in its village of Akometam of the agricultural activities. It creates defense associations of the citizens, gives to the private press of many articles of protest. In parallel it publishes several novels: the history of insane the in 1994 then the first two volumes, Trop of sun kills the love (1999) and Swing-low in black and white (2000), of a trilogy remained unfinished. He is hospitalized with Yaounde on October 1st 2001 for a hepatic and renal insufficiency acute which remains without care for lack of dialysis. Transported in the hospital of Douala on October 6th, it dies there on October 7th 2001.
|Random links:||DCC | Canton of Bastelica | Stutthof | Committee of antibolchevic action | Salvatore Lo Piccolo | Smyrna|