Moby Dick is the name given to a white Cachalot , animal in the center of the famous novel of Hermann Melville - the title of the novel takes the Hyphen traditionally, contrary in the name of the cachalot.
SynopsisIsmaël, attracted by the sea and the broad one, decides to leave to the Chasse to the whale. It embarks on the Pequod , Baleinier of a captain named Achab, amputee of a leg, which will take along Ismaël around the world to the continuation of the white cachalot. The Pequod will end up sinking with broad of the islands Gilbert by leaving the only narrator like survivor, floating on a coffin.
Origins of the novelHermann Melville was him also marine like the majority of his heroes of novel. The drafting of the book was started in 1850. The novel initially was published in London in October 1851 under the title The Whale ( the Cachalot ) - this edition was incomplete and the title was not that wanted by Melville. It is little of time after, at the time of its American publication in November of the same year that the work took the name of Moby-Dick; however, The Whale ( Moby-Dick or the Cachalot ).
Translation in French
List versionsThere exist 5 French versions of Moby-Dick . The translators and the editors are, chronologically:
Armel Guerne, Editions of Sagittarius, 1954; rééd. Phébus in 2005.
Georges Saint-Marnier, Editions Walter Beckers, Kapellen-Antwerp, 1967, in 2 vol.
Henriette Guex-Poker, Edito-Service, Geneva, 1970. Resumption out of pocket at Garnier/Flammarion.
Philippe Jaworski, collection of the Pleiad, Gallimard, 2006.
Translation of the incipit
- “ Cal me Ishmael. Summon years ago - never mind how long precisely- having little gold No money in my purse, and nothing particular to interest me one Shore, I thought I would sail butt has little and see the watery share off the world. ” Such are the first words of the novel of Hermann Melville.
- Lucien Jacques, Joan Smith and Jean Giono translates them:
- Armel Guerne translates them:
- Georges Saint-Marnier translates them:
- Philippe Jaworski translates them:
In 1926 leaves Moby Dick ( The Sea Beast ), silent film of 100 minute realized by Millard Webb extremely moving away from the original novel and in which John Barrymore interprets heroic Achab surrounded by one been engaged and from a diabolic brother.
In 1930, Barrymore réendosse the role of Achab in Moby Dick of Lloyd Bacon. In this version speaking 80 minutes, the captain of the Pequod ends up killing the whale and returns at his place to find the woman whom he loves (played by Joan Bennett. It should be noted that the Warner produces simultaneously a German-speaking version, Damon of Meeres , carried out by Michael Curtiz, with Wilhelm Dieterle in the role of Achab.
In 1956 leaves the most famous version: Moby Dick . It lasts 116 minutes. Realized by John Huston on a scenario of the writer Ray Bradbury, one sees there Gregory Peck in the role of the worrying Achab captain, and unforgettable Orson Welles in the supporting role of Mapple. Five years of preparation were necessary before carrying this masterpiece to the screen.
In 1965 the film At the stations of combat ( The Bedford incidental ) of James B. Harris with Richard Widmark and Sidney Poitier, based on a novel of Mark Rascovich (itself inspired of Moby Dick) recalls the history of a Soviet submarine (Moby Dick) continued by a ship of US Navy.
In 1978, a Moby Dick is carried out by Paul Stanley, in whom the actor Jack Aranson interprets several roles: Achab, Starbuck, Ishmael and Mapple.
In 1998, version a 240 minute old is turned for television. The realizer is Franc Roddam; Patrick Stewart plays the part of Achab; and Gregory Peck, succeeding Orson Welles in the role of Mapple, gains there the Award Golden Globe of the best supporting role in a telefilm in 1999.
In 2000, the artist Guy Ben-Ner makes a free adaption of the novel. From one 13 minutes duration, it has for single decoration the kitchen of the artist.
Adaptations as a cartoon
One will be able to also note several versions in Cartoon:
- Moby Dick in 2005, Pécau scenario, Pahek drawing, which is a futuristic transposition of the novel of Melville. Series which buckles the history in two tome cheeses appeared into 2005 with the editions Delcourt.
- Moby Dick in 2007, scenario Jean Rouaud, drawing Denis Deprez. Rouaud made of the captain Achab, a kind of Don Quichotte of the seas animated by her obsessional search.
Adaptations in other books
- Mocha Dick, the real white cachalot
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