Milton Obote (December 28th 1924 - October 10th 2005) is an Ugandan politician, former president of the Uganda and considered as the " father of the indépendance" , savage opponent of Idi Amin Hobby-horse then of Yoweri Museveni.
Born the December 28th 1924, in Akoroko, wire of a small chief of the ethnos group Lango, ethnos group poor of the north of the country, Milton Obote starts by making studies of teacher in his country then emigrates with the Kenya, where it launches out in the policy.
In 1960, it founds UPC, the Uganda People Congress Congrès of the Ugandan people, then becomes in 1962, with the independence of Uganda, the first head of government until 1971. With the assistance of the general Amin Hobby-horse, it drives out the president of the country also king of the Bouganda, the powerful ethnos group of the south, forcing it with the exile. Its mode quickly becomes authoritative. It suspends the constitution and the federalistic mode for a mode with sole party and centralizer and begins a very unfavourable policy of nationalizations to the ethnos groups bantoues of the south.
It is driven out capacity in 1971 during a displacement in Singapore for a meeting of the Commonwealth by its Head of State major Idi Amin Dada with the support of the Great Britain and the the United States. After the fall of Idi Amin Hobby-horse in 1979 after 9 years of terror and ruins, its party carries general elections, largely faked and Milton Obote takes again the capacity until 1985. But the country is mined by the guerillas who will make between 200 and 300.000 dead in a country already exangue. North is the prey of militia faithful to Amin Dada and the south Baganda is controlled rather largely by the National Resistance Army (NRA), directed by Yoweri Museveni. Obote does not manage to rectify the country, follows a policy of oppression, founds a sole party and exploits the ethnic competitions. It annoys the army while trying to place there the only members of its tribe on the headquarters. The Head of State major, the general Itto Okello and the sergeant Olara Okelo benefit from this dissatisfaction and reverse it in 1985. But this new military council, taking the head of the country, will not resist the guerilla carried out by Yoweri Museveni, which reaches the capacity later one year in 1986.
Obote lives then in exile in Zambia, always hoping to return to play a part in Uganda. But the Ugandan government, established better than the precedents and which succeeds in bringing back peace is in strong position. If he were not opposed to the return of Obote, Yoweri Museveni required of him to be justified concerning the 300.000 victims of its second presidency.
In recognition of its role in the independence of the country, Yoweri Museveni grants state funeral to him.
|Random links:||Pterodactylus | Whipped cream | Louis Gray | Automatistes | Lamara Douicher | Verchères them Patriotic | Spongocoel|