See also: Mill (homonymy)
A mill , of Latin molinum resulting from mola grinding stone, indicates a preindustrial or semi-industrial installation. Its mechanism can be driven by the man power or animal, water or the wind. It reduces the grains of Céréale in flour, or extracted the juice or juice (mill with flour, oil, cider…). “Molinologie” would be a neologism invented in 1965, according to Claude Rivals, by a Portuguese who organized the first European symposium on the history of the mills and their techniques.
By extension, the term indicates the installation which animates and shelters the mill, or a similar installation, animating a Pompe or any other rotary mechanism, driven by a natural force. The word mill is also given to fullers, establishments which work of the plants (fibers for fabrics or paper) or many metals (trip hammers), or to others which feed the irrigation.
The mill can be actuated by various forces:
- In antiquity the man power or animal prevailed, one spoke about “mill with blood”.
- Later, the energy of the water run-off on a wheel with pallets, paddles or the energy of the blowing wind on their wings, animated the mills and provided energy for the first industries.
- Aujourd'hui the mills are primarily used to produce electricity.
Trades around the millIn French, that which makes turn a “mill” is a “miller”. In occitan Gascon, that which makes go a molin is a molièr ; in the other varieties of the occitan, it is the molinièr - is in the linguistic surface of the language occitane - surface which recovers approximately 32 French departments - and the variety of spoken language here is the Gascon occitan cf inter alia works: Gramatica of the Gascon occitan contemporanèu of Maurice Romieu and André Bianchi, published into 2005 with the university Presses of Bordeaux.
Popular traditionsIn the tradition, the millers have a “ certaine ” reputation… and the beautiful one which falls asleep with the tick-tock of the mill is a very widespread history there. When it awakes, “ its small bag is full, it with grinding full the main ”. There is often an old woman who arrives then, with which it miller refuses the same service. The traditional song of the county of Nice preserved the trace of this '' Tint dòu mill '' (Tick-tock of the mill), in which the Niçoise old woman has more chance!
- Water mill
- Paddle wheel
- Mill with tide
- Coffee mill
- Mill with balls
- Toponym S: to see with Asnières “mill mû by an ass”
|Random links:||Royal museums of art and history | Morienval | Paroedura picta | Stalag XII-F | Van Rensburg handles|