A military dictatorship is a Gouvernement of the dictatorial type directed directly by the Armée.
To indicate a military dictatorship, one often speaks about Junte (of the Spanish junta ) but it is more precisely about a rather traditional type of military dictatorship in Latin America (from where the origin of the word) which is managed by a grouping of chiefs of the armies.
The other military dictatorships are with the hands of only one officer, who is generally highest graded.
On the the Middle East and in Africa, the military governments for the majority were imposed by a powerful personality and are Autocratie S in addition to military dictatorships. Chiefs like Idi Amin, Kadhafi or Nasser developed the worship of the personality and became the face of the Nation as well inside as outside its borders.
The majority of the military dictatorships were formed following a Coup d'etat by which they reversed the preceding government.
In the past, the juntas justified their actions and the laws which they imposed as being the means of bringing back the political stability of the nation, to see to save it dangerous Idéologie S. In Latin America, the fear of the Communisme was generally used, whereas in the Middle East, the dangers coming from Israel and later of the Islamic Intégrisme were important arguments. The military regimes tend to be described like not-partisans, neutral parties being able to provide a government of Intérim in turbid period, and also tend to depict the civil politicians like corrupted and ineffective. One of the characteristics almost universal of the military governments is the institution of the martial Loi or a permanent state of emergency.
Although there exist exceptions, the military regimes are often not very respectful Human rights and use all the means to reduce to silence the political opponents. They are also seldom inclined to leave the capacity and often only do it forced by the popular revolt. One can announce the Turkish exception , where the army has, during the 20th century, acted like a countervailing power limiting the not-democratic drifts. This role was supported by the Turkish constitution, which was modified with the turning of the 21e century.
The Latin America, Africa and the Middle East are zones which frequently knew military dictatorships. One of the reasons of this is that the army has there often more cohesion and of structure that the majority of the civil institutions.
One can contrast the military dictatorships with the other forms of dictatorships. For example, in the majority of the communist States, the center of the capacity remains controlled by civilians and measures (like the political police chiefs and of frequent rotations) are taken so that a military formation cannot exert an independent authority.
Since the Years 1990, the military dictatorships became less current. The reasons with that are that they do not have as much any more of international legitimacy, and that the soldiers who had then directed the countries do not imply any more in the political debate. But it is especially the end of the Cold war and the collapse of the Soviet Union which made that it is from now on more difficult for them to hold up the fear of Communism to justify their actions, or to obtain the support of foreign countries.
When the cold war started to be blown, the military governments of Latin America were replaced by democracies. To the Middle East, modes such as the Syria and the Egypt turned to other forms of Despotisme.
Old countries directed by soldiers
- Argentinian Jorge Videla
- Burma Win
- Humberto de Alencar Castello Branco
- Greece Mode of the colonels, Yeóryos Papadópoulos
- Anouar el Sadate
- Chile Augusto Pinochet
- Panama Manual Noriega
Countries directed by soldiers
List country, in January 2007, directed by soldiers:
- Burma Than Shwe
- Pakistan Pervez Musharraf
- Surayud Chulanont
- Fiji Frank Bainimarama
- Libya Mouammar Kadhafi
|Random links:||Mobile Global System for Communications | Tiamina | Agettes | Jouy-with-arches | Andrea Bartoletti | Michael Shermer | Michael_de_Cesena|