See also: Sambre (homonymy)
The Sambre ( wa Sambe, nl Samber) is a river which takes its source in France, in the wood of Cartignies, close to the Nouvion-in-Thiérache on the plate of Saint-Quentin. It sprinkles Hautmont, Maubeuge, Jeumont (in France), then Merbes-the-Castle, Fountain-Valmont, Lobbes, Thuin, Charleroi, Sambreville, Floreffe (in Wallonia, Belgium) and comes to be thrown in the Meuse with Namur. Its course is long of approximately 180 km (88 km in France). The Area catchment of Sambre in France east of 1250 km ². Its average slope in France east of 0,2 ‰.
Sambre runs out initially since the buttresses of the Ardennes, where it takes its source, with the Nouvion-in-Thiérache. Arrived at height of Landrecies, it is collected by the old basin of tectonic foreland of the Avalonnais microphone-continent. This basin was created by bending of the the Brabant under the weight of the Hercynienne chain. It is of south-western orientation - the North-East.
It is marked by what the Belgian geologists called the " midi" is necessary;. This northern edge of the Ardennes thus forms a hollow: in the south, of the Ardennes solid mass or its buttresses, in north the carboniferous coal basin. This furrow known as of " Sambre and Meuse" continues to Namur (confluent with the Meuse, which at this place is engulfed in its turn in the Furrow) and Liege.
Sambre is thus obviously a required passage for very armed wanting to sail round the Ardennes. This explains the animated history of the Between-Sambre-and-Meuse.
It is channeled with the Gabarit Freycinet (250 T to 1,8 m of depression) of Landrecies to Monceau and with the gauge 1.350t downstream until Namur.
Sambre counts many affluents: the Riviérette, the Tarsy, the Cligneux, the Brook of Eclaibes the Flamenne, the Minor Helpe, the Major Helpe, the Solre, the Haunts, the Thure, the Biesmelle, the Eau of Hour and the Acoz. In its Walloon course, Sambre when it is made Low-Sambre (around the communes amalgamated under the name of Sambreville), a little upstream of Namur, gives its name to the one of the portions of the Walloon industrial basin, in particular because of its coal mining, now closed. The poetess of Walloon language Gabrielle Bernard seized with smoothness the duality of this area. To the south of its bed and the west of that of the Meuse, Sambre and the Meuse give rise to the Walloon region of the Between-Sambre-and-Meuse famous for its military marches where ravel end of spring to the autumn of the covered soldiers of the Napoleonean uniform, famous the Marches of the Between-Sambre-and-Meuse.
With the oral examination, this Rivière is often confused with the carnivorous Poisson Sandre.
The name, suggestive, was taken again by a series of cartoons of Yslaire, then in the mysterious song of Jean-Louis Murat Rouge is my sleep : “ As the phacochère/Lost in the war/Rouge is Sambre, love ”. Sambre sprinkles Maubeuge, famous for its moonlight…
Others know it military Chant Sambre and Meuse .
With the confluence of Sambre and the Meuse
The Grognon (locality), ground point formed by the junction of the last meters of southern bank of Sambre and western bank of the Meuse, that Sambre joined at this place. In the corner lower right of this one (Grognon is in the center of the photograph), one sees one of the wings of the Walloon Parliament. With the point of Grognon, there is an imposing equestrian statue of king Albert the Ist Walloon Parlement and different the Walloon Gouvernements decided to move towards the confluence of the Meuse and Sambre (place symbolic system since they are the two more important rivers Walloon, on which saw the majority of the Walloon population, the two main axes of the industrial Sillon), the buildings of the regional public power (Parliament and Presidency of the Government), but it exists an opposition in the population to Namur which was opposed by referendum to a project considered to be too imposing of Parliament (carried out by the Catalan architect Botta).
The medium flow observed with Namur between 1995 and 2004 is of 36 m ³ a second, with an average maximum of 54,86 m ³ in 2001, and an average minimum of 21,76 in 2004.
format pdf Presentation of the Atlas of the floodplains of Sambre
- general Information on the atlases of the floodplains
- patriotic song the regiment of Sambre and Meuse
- Ministry for the Walloon region - Inventory of fixtures of the under-basin of Sambre .
- Dictionary of the rivers and channels of France in the Babel Project: Sambre
- Dictionary of the rivers and channels of France in the Babel Project: the channel of Oise in Sambre
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