Born in Damas in 1910 in a family from the orthodoxe lower middle class Greek, Michel Aflak is the son of a convinced Arab nationalist, opposed to the Ottoman Empire then with the French presence in Syria. His/her father adhered to the national Bloc, as of his foundation in 1928, it militated a long time against the Turkish presence then French in the area and was made stop several times for that. The members of its family took part in the Syrian Révolution of 1925, like with all the Palestinian revolutions. In its youth, it read the books of authors of the Nahda, other books on Mahomet and its companions, and of the historical novels on the Califat Omeyyade and Abbasside. However, as of 1936, they note, at the time of the victory gained in France by the Popular front, that their communist friends are done much more moderate, obeying in that with the instructions come from Moscow. He affirms then,
We have only to make myth of International proletarian and we do not want to pass from a domination to another. We are Arab nationalists and we can only note one fundamental divergence concerning our essential strategic objectives with those of the Marxists. We place the national question in the center of our priorities, they take into account only the watchwords and the directives emanate from their political capital: Moscow. The party is then dissolves by Choukri Al Kouatli. But the members of Baath continue their political activities clandestinely. And after the Second world war they organize a revolt in Damas against the French forces, a revolt repressed by bombardments the 29 and the May 30th.
The first number of the daily newspaper Al Baath leaves the July 3rd 1946, the newspaper carries the slogan " Unité" , " Liberté" , " Socialisme" , ( Wihda , Hurriyah , Ishtirrakiyah ). He is spent without hoping to develop the party in gestation. After the independence of Syria, in a special leading article Aflaq proclaims the combat for the Arab unit, It is now necessary to create the conditions of the great Arab revolution of the twentieth century which will make it possible Arabic to reinstate the history. . In 1968, it is accommodated with Baghdad, which it leaves after the Guerre of Kippour to show its disapproval of this conflict. Then, it continues by the Chahada (profession of faith) “I testify that there is not an other god only Allah and that Mohamed is his messenger. ”. The letter was signed under its Moslem name " Ahmed Michel Aflaq ". Iyad Aflak explained why his/her father wrote this letter on an aircraft, making the Paris-Baghdad way and who suffered from engineering problems. He also adds that this letter was found in a Coran, that Michel Aflak related to him at the time of the incident
Contrary to the kemalism which regards Islam as a foreign religion with the Turkish identity, the nationalism of Baath estimates on the contrary that Arab nationalism must take into account Islam like a component essence of Arab civilization. In manner general, Baath magnifie Islam
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