The Glasnost ( transparency in Russian) is a policy of freedom of expression and publication of information, introduced by Mikhaïl Gorbatchev in the USSR in 1985. The goal of Gorbatchev with the Glasnost was partly to put the pressure on the conservatives of the party who were opposed to his policy of economic reorganization (Perestroïka).
Thanks to this policy of transparency, the population learned a good portion from the horrors made by the government under Stalin. The Glasnost gave new freedoms to the people, like freedom of expression, which meant material change insofar as the control of the ideas had been a central part of the Soviet system. Thousands of political prisoners and much of dissidents were also released.
In spite of that, the original intention of Gorbatchev - who was to modernize the Soviet Union via the Glasnost and the Perestroika - does not lead and the mode, largely based on the communist constraint, crumbled at the summer 1991.
- "Svoboda - Liberté" Historical test (Gorbatchev - Putin), Andrey Komov, journalist TV, Petersbourg, French translation, in blog private
- the USSR
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