Megawati Sukarnoputri (born on January 23rd 1947 with Jogjakarta in the island of Java) is a political woman Indonesia. It is the girl of the former president Soekarno, who had had to yield the capacity to the general Soeharto in March 1967.
Political careerThe career of Megawati starts in 1986, when it is named vice-president of the branch of Jakarta Center PDI (Democratic party indonésien), one of the two parties authorized by the mode Soeharto at the side of the party of the mode, the Golkar. She is elected appointed with the general elections of 1987. At the time of the extraordinary congress of the PDI in 1993, she is elected president of the party by acclamation.
This nomination of the girl of Soekarno to the head of the PDI could not like the mode. Operations make it possible to draw aside Megawati of the congress of the party with Medan (northern of Sumatra) in 1996, with the profit of an unknown, Soerjadi. Refusing this takeover by force, the partisans of Megawati occupy the head office of the PDI in Jakarta. July 27th, 1996, of the commandos of men to shaven cranium and in black uniform behavior take the seat by storm, forcing the partisans of “Mega” to leave the places. This action starts riots in Jakarta, that the mode charges to the PRD (Democratic party of the people), a small organization of extreme-left whose leader, Budiman Sudjatmiko, are thrown in prison. The PDI bursts in two factions, the authorities recognizing of course only that of Soerjadi. With the elections of 1997, the score of the PDI falls.
Megawati becomes the symbol of the opposition to the Soeharto mode. The resignation of this last in 1998 creates a new situation. The Megawati faction takes the name of Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan (Democratic party indonésien of fight) or PDIP. At the elections of 1999, the PDIP arrives at the head with more than 30%. With MPR (Parliament) resulting from these elections, operations take place between the parties claiming Islam, which refuse the possibility that a woman is with the report heading. In November 1999, it is Abdurrahman Wahid, monk respected and directing of the Muslim organization Nahdlatul Ulama, who is elected president of the Republic by 373 votes against 313. Megawati is elected vice-president. New political operations will bring to the dismissal of Abdurrahman by an extraordinary session of the MPR the July 23rd 2001. Megawati becomes president.
Its nameIts complete name Diah Permata Megawati Setiawati Soekarnoputri means “princess jewel cloudy faithful girl of Soekarno”. Its name of use is simply Megawati , even “ Mega ”. One says also Megawati Sukarnoputri , the international practice being to provide at least an appearance of family name. One also finds written Mégawati with a Acute accent used in Indonésien to distinguish the E from the Pepet or “blows” noted by E until the spelling reform of 1947 (Soewandi orthography) removes all the Diacritics. Méga transcribes the Sanscrit मेघ megha “cloud”.
The press indonésienne written Soekarnoputri , just like Wikipedia indonésien - but not Wikipédia Malayan (article ). The C-W communication oe (according to the orthography known as Van Ophuijsen), “ whose inconsistency was felt like very colonial ”, by U as of 1947 was replaced (this new orthography known as Soewandi, of the name of the Minister for the Education of the time, was thus introduced the year even of the birth of interested) in the writing of the Language indonésienne. The town of Bandoeng became thus Bandung. Nevertheless of many Indonésiens preserved the old form of their name and Sukarno itself always signed “ Soekarno ” with the C-W communication oe . From where this C-W communication “ Soekarnoputri ” interfering the two orthographies ( oe and U ) with the place and place * Soekarnopoetri or Sukarnoputri . Moreover the replacement of oe by U only in 1955 for the Javanese Langue was carried out. The final putri is an erudite loan with the Sanscrit पुत्री putrī and means “girl”. Sukarnoputri is not a Patronyme, institution that do not know the large majority of Indonésiens; it is simply about part of the name that one gave him to his birth, as to his sisters. The brothers of Megawati have in their name Sukarnoputra (or Soekarnoputra ), literally “wire of Sukarno”. It is a choice specific to the parents, by no means a widespread practice. To note that the name of the river Brahmapoutra ( Brahmaputra ) means “wire of Brahma”. पुत्र will putra is a distance corresponding of the Latin puer and of the French puerile .
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