Maurice is a island south-west of the Indian Ocean located in the middle of the Archipel of the Mascareignes between the Réunion at the west and the island Rodrigues in the east. Since the March 12th 1968, it forms with the latter a République independent called République of Maurice. It provides to this State 91% of its Superficie, the essence of its Population of more than 1,2 million inhabitants and a Capitale of the name of Port Louis.
GeographyMauritius covers a surface of 1.866 km ². It measures 65 km of length and 45 km of dispatcher. The most point is the Piton of the Black River with an altitude of 828 meters.
Although being of ic origin Volcano, it does not count any more an active volcano. One however finds there craters extinct of which the Trou with the Stags, which became one of tourist attractions with the passing of years. The formation of the island is dated between 100.000 and 700.000 years.
Compared with its neighbor, the island of the Meeting, Mauritius has a not very broken relief. Its coastal plains and a central plate allowed for a long time the extensive farming of the Canne sugar and the The. Of this cane with sugar, the Dutchmen manufactured Rhum, tradition which remained anchored to Mauritius which counts many local rum marks, just like the Bière Phoenix besides.
The barrier of Corail which surrounds the island makes it possible to protect the lagoons and the beaches.
The temperature varies between 20 and 31 centigrade degrees.
The rainfall is weak on the coastal regions. The center of the island is sprinkled more, from where the creation from the Midlands Dam in the Midlands, in the center of the island.
The island accommodates the capital of the country, Port Louis. The seaport is there too. 4 other big cities are indexed: Beautiful Basin/Rose-Hill, Curepipe, Four Terminals and Vacoas/Phoenix.
Several languages are spoken on the island: English, French, the Creole (Mauritian), the Hindi, the bhojpuri, the Urdu one, Mandarin, the hakka, and the tamoul.
The dodoMauritius formerly sheltered an animal now disappeared: the dodo. This large bird, which could not fly, is a species which could live only in Mauritius (where they did not have the predatory ones). Indeed, until the Dutchmen arrive and all exterminate them until the last for their meat, the dodos, not being able to leave this island lost in the middle of the Indian Ocean, developed only over there. Another explanation of the extermination of the dodos was the arrival of the Dutch rats on the island, indeed the rats ate eggs. The frequency of laying of the bird being weak, the dodo did not resist a long time.
PopulationThe population of Mauritius is the result of several waves of immigrations: initially French colonists, then slaves from Africa, the Chinese and Indians brought in the island to work in the fields of cane with sugar.
- Government of Mauritius
- Chart of the island
- Piton of the Black River
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