The matador is the central figure of the Corrida. principal Bullfighter and chief of the Cuadrilla , it is him which is charged to kill the Taureau, as its name indicates it ( matar : to kill in Spanish).
ResponsibilitiesIts responsibilities recover:
the master keys of hoods (at the same time as its peones );
- to bring the bull to the horse (at the time of the tercio of spades);
- master keys of Muleta ;
- the setting with died by the Thrust and possibly the Descabello .
The matador can also pose the Banderilles if it decides some thus, but it is a task which it shares with his peones .
The matador starts with a phase of training by toréant young old bulls of less than three years ( Becerro S ) during Novillada S without Picador . If the talent, courage and also the chance are there, after a certain number of Novillada S without picador , it will be able to be presented in the form of a Novillero to fight bulls from three to four years ( novillos ) during novilladas .
Generally, there are six bulls and three matadors per bullfight. Each matador thus fights two bulls: the matador the oldest combat the first and fourth, the second by order of seniority fights the second and fifth, the youngest combat the third and sixth.
See also: List of matadors
At the beginning of the 21e century, approximately two hundred and fifty to three hundred matadors compose each year the escalafón . The appeared (“high-speed motorboats”) make until a hundred bullfights in the year, much do only one or two of them.
Bartolomé Bennassar. Which invented the bullfight? , in the review collections of the History n° 31: Spain , April-June 2006, p 60-63
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