The Massif Central , Massiu centrau in Occitan, is a solid mass Hercynien which occupies the center-south of the France. With a surface of 85 000 km ², it is the vastest solid mass of the territory. It is also an old solid mass (formed overall 500 million years ago), of average altitude, with the reliefs rounded. It culminates with 1 886 meters at the volcanic top of the Puy de Sancy (Puy-de-Dôme). The Massif Central shelters the main part of the French volcanos indeed.
Geographically, the Solid mass-exchange is included in eighteen departments: the To combine, the Ardeche, the Aude, the Aveyron, the Cantal, the Corrèze, the Digs, the Gard, the Herault, the the Loire, the Haute-Loire, the Lot, the Lozere, the Puy-de-Dôme, the the Rhone, the Tarn, the Tarn-et-Garonne and finally the High-Vienna. In each one of them, altitude exceeds the 500 at least once Mr.
Geologically, the solid mass overflows of this enclosure on the departments of the Charente, of the Vienna, the Indre, the Cher, the Saône-et-Loire, the Haute-Garonne, the Lot-et-Garonne and the the Dordogne.
Lastly, administratively, the Solid mass-exchange gathers, according to a decree of 2004 taken for application of the law " montagne" from 1985, twenty-two departments: - the Auvergne area entirely with the To combine, the Cantal, the Haute-Loire and the Puy-de-Dôme; - the Burgundy area with, to some extent, its four departments, is the Saône-et-Loire, the Gold Coast, Yonne and Nievre, the unit constituting Morvan; - the Languedoc-Roussillon area with the Lozere entirely, the Gard and the Herault for their mountainous part, and the north of the Aude; - the Limousin area entirely with the Corrèze, the Digs, and the High-Vienna; - the Midday-Pyrenees area with the Aveyron, the Batch and the Tarn entirely, and the Tarn-et-Garonne to some extent; - the Rhone-Alps area with the the Loire entirely, the mountainous part of the Ardeche and the mounts of the Lyonese of the the Rhone.
Origin of the term of “Massif Central”It is seen that four departments are located entirely in the solid mass: Aveyron, Lozere, Cantal, Haute-Loire. The current term of Massif Central is recent. The concept appears since 1841 on the geological maps of Pierre-Armand Dufrénoy and Elie de Beaumont. It is the geographer and author of school mural charts Paul Vidal Blache which baptizes in 1903 Massif Central this group of highlands .
ReliefConstituted with the primary era, the Massif Central includes/understands the main part of the Volcan S French. It is the fourth highest solid mass of Metropolitan France, after the the Alps, the the Pyrenees and the Corsica , and in front of the the Jura, the the Vosges, the Morvan and the the Ardennes.
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