See also: Aubry
Martine Aubry , of her name of young girl Martine Delors , born the August 8th 1950 with Paris, (in the XVIIe district) is a political woman French, member of the Socialist party. She is mayor of Lille since March 2001.
BiographyIt is the girl of Jacques Delors, former minister of François Mitterrand and former president of the European commission.
After provide education forbeing provided education for in private education and public (College Paul-Valéry of Paris), it is graduate in 1972 of the Institut of political studies of Paris. Of 1973 with 1975, it follows the courses of the National school of administration (promotion Leon Blum). For the same period it militates with the CFDT and enters to the Socialist party in 1974. After the ENA, where she teaches starting from 1978, she occupies as from 1981, various stations with the social Affair and Ministry of Labor, in the cabinets of Jean Auroux (she writes the Lois Auroux there) and of Pierre Bérégovoy and with the Council of State.
In 1984, it informs in particular the French policy " pro-amiante" near the Standing Committee asbestos (CPA), represented by its direct assistant, Jean-Luc Pasquier who will attest in front of the judges of the choices made by his hierarchy.
Between 1989 and 1991, it enters to Pechiney and becomes the assistant editor of Jean Gandois. In this station, it takes part in the opening of a factory with Dunkirk and closing of the aluminum factory of Noguères (Yrénées-Atlantiques).
In 1991, it is named Minister for Labor, Employment and of Professional training by Edith Cresson, maintained posts some by Pierre Bérégovoy until March 1993. According to the testimony of his direct assistant, Jean-Luc Pasquier, it defends the concept of controlled use of asbestos, where all the members of the European Economic community wanted to prohibit purely and simply this product, blocking the European decree of prohibition of asbestos.
For some, the desistance from his/her father to the presidential election of 1995 is partly justified by its will not to obstruct the career of his/her daughter. Lionel Jospin, which is elected by the socialist militants like candidate, chooses it like spokesperson of its countryside. After its defeat, he is elected first secretary of the party, and proposes in Martine Aubry the place of number two which she refuses.
When it is described demanding, she explains: “I say the things opposite, I am not false-bottom. But I believe being much less hard than much of people in policy. I am even perhaps too sensitive”. Having good relationships with part of employers (in particular with Jean Gandois, then president of CNPF), just like with the Communist party, she gets along rather badly with the trade unions, in particular with the general secretary of the CFDT Nicole Notat (they have a deep dissension on the plane Juppe).
With the victory of the Plural left in 1997, elected appointed Northern , Lionel Jospin appoints it Minister for Employment and Solidarity, number two of the government. It sets up the principal promise of the Prime Minister: the fight against unemployment (more than two million Unemployed S) with job creation by implementing several public devices and in particular the 35 hours. This measurement, décriée by the line and employers, is very discussed, and involves the resignation of its former owner Jean Gandois of the head of CNPF.
The ones affirm that hundreds of thousands of employment are created and show the changes induced in the company (improvement of the work conditions by the reduction of the working time), while the others affirm that measurement undermines the competitiveness France while ruining a great number of SME. The main argument against the 35H Aubry is that no government in the world adopted a similar measure and one reproaches him for being last forces some without being oneself concerted sufficiently with managements and labor.
RTT with the originality to be the subject of a new practice of the legislation with a first law voted on June 13rd, 1998 posing the principles and resting on the voluntariate of managements and labor, followed by one second law applicable to all to January 1st, 2000, based on more than one hundred thousand company agreements and of branch.
It also sets up the Employment-youths, the law of fight against exclusion and the Couverture universal disease (CMU). It will be the first to succeed in filling famous “the hole” of the Social security in 2000, before providing the foundations of the Personalized allocation of autonomy (APA) for the dependant elderly.
October 18th, 2000, Martine Aubry resigns of the government to devote itself to the countryside of the municipal elections in Lille: Pierre Mauroy represents himself with his with dimensions and made of it his successor. After a very active campaign, she is elected mayor and its godfather, Pierre Mauroy preserves the presidency of the Urban community of Lille. The following year, he announces his intention to leave him the presidency Lille Métropole with the next mandate.
In 2002, placed well in the surveys, much see it Prime Minister in the event of victory of Lionel Jospin to the presidential ones. After the failure of this last and that of its own candidacy in the 5th district considered impregnable by the line in North, it remains a time relatively discrete with the national plan, being devoted to the town hall of Lille. Moved by this defeat, she states to pay not to have made enough for people with low wages.
In December 2004, it joined the direction of the Socialist party, charged with Dominique Strauss-Kahn and Jack Lang to prepare a political project for 2007. Like the majority of the leaders of the PS, she decided for the adoption of the European Constitutional treaty.
She kept since her entry in policy the name of its first husband, Xavier Aubry, which she divorced. The March 20th 2004, it married in second weddings the lawyer inhabitant of Lille Jean-Louis Brochen.
Meanwhile, as mayor of Lille, it considerably modified environment and the image external of the town of Lille by the operation “Lille 2004, European capital of the culture”, which made come to Lille in one year more than 9 million visitors. It launched on October 14th Lille 3000, after-Lille 2004, which avoids its city for three months the colors of India, and proposed to the public more than 300 cultural events. Nearly a million visitors were accommodated.
In 2005, it disappoints the enthusiasts of the local football club, LOSC, while persisting in the intention first (and unanimously divided at the beginning) to maintain the LOSC in Lille in a Grimonprez-Jooris stage increased in the classified zone of the citadel of Lille. The permit building that it allotted is cancelled in call then in cassation. The new localization in the east of Lille, with Villeneuve d' Ascq, voted in 2006, again poses problems related to the nature of the basement (chalk careers with -30 meters for a project of 250.000 tons). The overall costs of 500M€ (300M for the stage and 200M for the peripheral equipments) also pose a chronological problem of opportunity. The opponents consider that a site in the great south of Lille, except metropolis, would make it possible to better make profitable the infrastructures by a mixed use related to the multimode connections (train/tram/subway) useful for the users coming from the south the every day towards Lille.Soit has 10/15Km of Lille.
Recently, during the years 2002-2006, a new division of public space between pedestrians, car, and bicycles was worth with the mayor a certain fall of popularity, but many of its initiatives, like the Project of urban renewal on Southern Lille and Mills or Lille Ville of Solidarity and Lille Plage, an interdependent beach which was installed the summer 2006 in the middle of the ailing districts of Lille, or to come Lille Neige (a skating rink of 600 m ² in Southern Lille), are greeted inhabitants.
Supported a long time by Pierre Mauroy, the mayor of Lille was affected by a criticism of this one at the time of the national office of the Socialist party on March 21st, 2006. For proof of conciliation, Martine Aubry announced that it did not intend to be candidate with legislative on a district which would not be inhabitant of Lille as it is the case for 5th North located out the walls. She had planned to introduce in a district “inhabitant of Lille”, that of the town hall, 2nd, held for more than thirty years by Bernard Derosier which after having announced a time its intention not to represent itself finally decided to maintain its candidature.
She is member of the club the Century.
Schooling in the free Teaching (but at least a part with the College Paul-Valéry, public corporation in Paris)
- Graduate License of economic scenes
- Graduate of the institute of social sciences of work
- of the Institute of political studies of Paris in 1972
- Former student of the National school of administration of 1973 with 1975, promotion Leon Blum
1975-1979 : mission leader near the director of the business acquaintances
- 1981: adviser technical with the cabinet of the Minister for Labor (there writes the Lois Auroux)
- 1983: assistant editor of the cabinet of the deputy secretary to the social Affairs, in charge of work
- 1984: mission leader with the cabinet of the Minister for the social Affairs and the National solidarity. Director of the business acquaintances with Jean Luc Pasquier under his orders. Mr. Pasquier, since, having become witness for the prosecution against Martine Aubry on the file asbestos.
- 1987: Master of the requests to the Council of State
- 1989-1991: executive vice president of the group Pechiney directed then by Jean Gandois, future president of the National council of French Employers (CNPF)
- 1991-1993: Minister for Labor, Employment and Professional training of the governments CRESSON and Bérégovoy
- 1993: president-founder of the Foundation To act Against Exclusion (FACE)
- 1995: first assistant of the mayor of Lille and vice-president of the Urban community of Lille
- 1997-2002: deputy of the Fifth district of North
- 2002: beaten with the legislative elections by Sebastien Huyghe (UMP)
- 1997-2000: Minister for Employment and Solidarity
- Since 2001: mayor of Lille, vice-president of Lille Metropolis Urban community in charge of economic development, president of the Pasteur Institute of Lille, president of the CHRU of Lille, president de Lille 2004 European Capital of the culture.
- national secretary, in charge of the project with the PS
- Member of the national office of the PS (since December 2000); member of the office of the AMGVF; national secretary, in charge of the social affairs and employment with the pole activities with the socialist party (since 2005); adviser of State (since September 2006).
- 2006: to advise State in ordinary service (except turn) (of availability)
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