Martin Van Buren
A trade union is an professional organization or catégorielle and private, independent of the State (but recognized by him) and governed by a whole of laws. The purpose of this organization, which can be a Wage earners association or a employers' association , gathering then Entrepreneur S, is to ensure the defense of the interests of its members .
When one refers to the unit formed by the wage earners associations and the employers' associations , one speaks about the Managements and labor.
Concerning wage earners associations, the claims relate mainly to the Salaire S and the Work conditions (one speaks about “Social progress”), and, at the time of Restructuration S within the companies, which can lead to Licenciement S, on the maintenance of uses or obtaining of dismissal indemnities higher.
With this economic goal, a political action is often incorporated aiming to the modification of the Institution S and the structures existing économico-policies or Socio-économique S , even for some Syndicats with their destruction (see also Trade unionism-revolutionist and Syndicalisme of fight).
Certain trade unions, in particular those of the public sector, defend, in parallel of their Social skills, their vision of the Public services, that it is on their qualities (for example, a good cover of the territory in the public transport, or access to all to electricity) or on their extension within the company (for example in France, opposition to the Privatization of EDF).
French trade unions
In France, a trade union (employee, employers' or catégoriel except student) is a particular form of association, governed by the book IV (and following) of the French Labor regulation.
See also: French Employers' association
They intervene in the fields of law the labor, express their opinion on choices of company and of economic policy, and take part in the salary negotiations.
See also: French Wage earners association
There exists in France of the confederations and the trade union branches .
For the confederations, five trade unions are representative of right (CFE-CGC, CFDT, CFTC, CGT, FO); they lay out of more than capacities than the other trade unions. Others European Public Service Union exist, having more reduced capacities.
the trade unions of connects are not affiliated with one of the representative confederations.
Trade-union organizations by corporations
Belgian trade unions
It is important to specify that in Belgium the term trade union is not usually used to designate employers' associations or coeds.
- the Federation of the Companies of Belgium, or “FEB” and its federations sectoral or regional:
- Agoria (metals and materials, products metal, plastic, mechanics and mecatronic, electrotechnical and electronic, communication and information technologies, car, aerospace and safety and defense, industrial automation and contracting & maintenance);
- Febeltex (textile);
- Fedis (distribution);
- Fevia (food industry);
- royal Union of the Belgian ship-owners;
- UPCA (couriters of insurance);
- Assuralia (insurers);
- Febiac (cycle and motor-car industry);
- ABB (banks and companies of purse);
- FEBE (concrete);
- Fébelbois (wood and furnishing);
- FBB (brick);
- ORI (offices of consulting engineer, engineering and consultance);
- Fediex (minings and transformer of noncombustible rocks);
- Fedichem (chemistry);
- Febelcem (cement);
- Confederation Construction;
- the Walloon Union of the companies (UWE);
- the Voka (Flemish economic Union).
- the Union of the Middle-classes, or “UCM”
- the Plain van Zelfstandige Ondernemers, or “UNIZO”
Trade unions of workers
the Confederation of the Christian trade unions, or CSC (ACV in Dutch)
- general Federation of the work of Belgium, or FGTB (Dutch ABVV)
- the general Central of the liberal trade unions of Belgium, or CGSLB (Dutch ACLVB)
- the French Confederation of framing CGC, or CFE CGC
- the Sindicat of the life, or SDLV
the Boerenbond (Flemish country trade union, historically very near to the Flemish social-Christians, today CD&V)
- ABSIM (trade union of the doctors)
Swiss trade unions
There exist two central trade-unions. One of social democrat tendency: Swiss European Public Service Union, the other heiress of the Christian trade unions: travail.suisse. It should be noted that in Switzerland, the tendency is with the constitution of interprofessional trade unions, like Unia, Syna, the SIT in Geneva SIT.
The main trade unions of the USS are:
Unia, Wood, Building, Textile, Chemistry, Paper, Metallurgy, Clock industry, tertiary sector
- Comedia, media
- garanTo, customs and guard border
- SEV, transport
- SSP, public services
Canadian and Québécois trade unions
The Canada being a federal state, the employment relationships can raise is federal Labor regulation or of a labor regulation of one of the provinces or territories. But according to the constitution it is mainly at the provincial level that the employment relationships are regulated. Certain central trade-unions exists only in one province or have a range very limited apart from their province of origin while others have bases in the worldwide.
Contrary to the French model, so that a trade union can be recognized, it must collect the support from at least 50% of paid of a unit of accreditation. A unit of accreditation gathers all the employees of an employer or a group of employees occcupant a body of employment for an employer. In a unit of accreditation there does not exist trade-union pluralism, except in the construction industry. The trade union having collected more than 50% of the voices profits from the monopoly of the representation of all the employees belonging to the unit of accreditation and all the employees thus represented owe cotiser with this single trade union (Formule Rand).
- the first trade union with the Canada: Union of the workers of the maritime building sites of Halifax (1816)
Confederation of the national unions (CSN), Quebec almost exclusively.
- Trade union of the workers and workers of RIO, member of the CSN.
- Central of the democratic trade unions (CSD), Quebec.
- Central of the trade unions of Quebec (CSQ), Quebec.
- interprofessional Federation of the health of Quebec (FIQ): Regrouping of professional in care male nurses and cardiorespiratory of Quebec.
- Federation of the workers of Quebec (FTQ), Québécois section of the Congress of the work of Canada.
- plain Metallurgists of America or Metal-workers , member of the FTQ and AFL-CIO.
- Teamsters, E. - U., Canada.
- Hard-working Canadian of the car (TCA).
- Hard-working and workers plain of the food and trade (TUAC).
- Trade union of the public office of Quebec (SFPQ), an independent trade union which gathers civils servant of the government of Quebec.
- Trade union the professional ones and professionals of the government of Quebec, an independent trade union.
- Union of the artists (UDA), Quebec (a concerning trade union Labor regulation does not constitute).
International paid trade unions
The regrouping of the whole of the trade unions on a world level is the " Trade-union confederation internationale" , which gathered in 2006 the CISL (international Confederation of the free trade unions) and the CMT (world Confederation of work).
At the European level exists these * European Confédération of the trade unions, THESE ( European trade union confederation (ETUC) )
One finds also it * European Confédération of the trade unions independent (CESI) http://www.cesi.org
Other wage earners associations in the world
See also: List of trade unions in the world
- AFL-CIO, the United States
- IWW, the United States
- TUC, the United Kingdom
- UNISON, the United Kingdom
- IG Metall, Germany
- Ver.di, Germany
- UGTA, Algeria
- Solidarność (Polish solidarity), historical trade union in Poland
- UMT, Morocco
- CGIL, majority union in Italy
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