Mark Wayne Clark
Beginnings of its careerClark was downward general revolutionist George Rogers Clark and a cousin of the general George Marshall. Born in Madison Barracks in the state from New York, it passed the majority of its youth in the Illinois. Clark was graduate with the military academy of West Point in 1917. It was named captain in the infantry and was sent in France in 1917, where it was wounded.
The Second world warDuring the Second world war, it was second in command it of the Opération Torch, the allied invasion of North Africa. It was unloaded by submarine several weeks before the operation in order to negotiate with the forces of Vichy with Cherchell October 21st and 22nd 1942.
Clark obtained the command of the American fifth armed little with time before the taken of Salerno in Italy in September 1943. In December 1944, it took the command of the 15th Army Group , thus controlling all the troops in Italy. Its control of the operations was disputed, particularly in connection with the battles of assembles Cassino, of the slowness of the reconquest of Italy, and its incapacity to capture the German units of the Ligne Gustave, where Clark hastened its units in order to be the first to enter Rome rather than to exploit a fault in the German positions. Because of the choices of Clark, the Gustave line was not broken before one year additional.
During and after the war of KoreaDuring the War of Korea, Clark took the command of the forces of the the United Nations, in April 1952, following the general Matthew Ridgway. It was Clark which signed the agreement of cease-fire with the North Korea in 1953.
After his retirement of the army, the Clark general occupied of 1945 with 1966 the position of president of the military academy The Citadel with Charleston. He published his memories in two volumes: Calculated Risk (1950) and From the Danube to the Yalu (1954).
The fast promotion of Clark until the rank of general was allotted to his relations with the generals George Marshall and Dwight Eisenhower.
It accepted several decorations, of which the following ones: Distinguished Service Cross-country race, Distinguished Service Medal, Large Cross of the Legion of honor
Clark is buried with The Citadel .
- English language version of this page
- Biographie sweats the site '' Korean War Encyclopedia ''
- General Mark W. Clark - Clark as a cover for TIME, on July 7th, 1952
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