The marines is consisted of the terrestrial troops embarked on military vessels to defend them, thus releasing the crew of the vessel of the tasks of combat, or to unload them in operations amphibians. In graeco-latin and Carthaginian Antiquity, the marines fought on the bridge of the galères, as in the navy with veil at the time of the boardings.
During the History, constituted themselves of the military units specialized in the colonial conquests, mainly made by these marines, followed other troops in reinforcement and follow-up. The specificity of these units is thus to fight on ground starting from a maritime base of attack, ships or barges of unloading.
With the the United StatesThe US Marine Body (Body of marine of the United States) also called in US summary Marine Body or USMC is one of the five branches of the armed forces of the United States of America. These are terrestrial troops whose specific mission is the amphibious combat.
During the Second world war, the reconquest of the Pacific, island in island, was mainly made by the marines of the United States or US Marine Body starting from Bâtiment of specialized unloading.
See also: Troops of navy
In France, the marines are a whole of regiments belonging to the Army French. They are Régiment S of Infanterie, armoured tanks or of artillery (" bigors") whose specificity is the drive with the combat and the operations amphibians.
They go down from the Compagnies of the sea, which fought on the vessels of the Royal Marine. Thereafter, they were used in the many colonies which the colonial Empire French had.
Called “Marines” until the end of the 19th century and attached to the ministry for the Navy, it are " transferred in 1901 to the Ministry for the War and are named the " “Colonial Infantry” until the end of the colonial empire in 1960. It then becomes “term, Marines” which, contrary to the statute of the previous century do not announce any more fastening to a particular ministry, the ministries for the Navy, a War and Air being molten in a ministry for defense.
With the the United KingdomThe Royal Navy were of all the large campaigns of the British Empire.
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