Marien Ngouabi was the president of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), named on January 1st 1969. He was assassinated on March 18th, 1977. The principal university of Congo, to Brazzaville bears its name.
He becomes president after the realignment revolutionary and military of 1968 which marginalizes then relieves Alphonse Massamba-Debate at the time of a coup d'etat. Its mode, marked by an objective analysis of the Marxist concepts of class struggle and dictatorship of the proletariat, is based on an party-elite with Soviet, the PCT, Congolese Parti the work, which becomes sole party. Its organizations of mass such as the UJSC (Union of Congolese socialist youth), the URFC (revolutionary Union of the women of Congo) or the UNEAC (National union of the writers and artists of Congo) frame the population. Ngouabi, complex character and cultivated, that his extreme simplicity and its accessibility make comparable with Agostinho Neto (Angola) or Thomas Sankara (Burkina Faso), finish like them tragically its political career. After the fallen through attempts at coup d'etat of Kinganga (1970) and Angel Diawara (1972 - 1973), taken between incipient oil interests, discrete competitions between Occident and the USSR, and latent conflicts between North-South Congolese microphone-nationalisms, he is assassinated on March 18th, 1977 in his residence of the staff with Brazzaville.
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